Learning spatial orientation of blind

centralized training for blind orientation in space can only give a tip to the skill and hone it over a lifetime - a difficult and not always successful path from the existence of a dependent to an active, healthy lives.

The most important task of training spatial orientation - to give everyone a blind optimal set of knowledge and skills to enable it to adequately operate in any environment.

spatial orientation of blind training program includes:

  • training adequate interpretation of the external stimuli of the environment;
  • formation of the blind the right subject and spatial concepts;
  • developing skills for successful operations in all conditions of life.

levels of spatial orientation

Tiflopsihologi divided the learning process of spatial orientation on three main levels.

first stage - elementary skills.At this stage of training the blind must act independently and navigate in domestic premises, in the conditions of the apartment, home, infield, in the workplace, if any, he has.

These skills are considered to be simple enough, they all blind master until falling into rehabilitation centers, in which the centralized training of spatial orientation.Independently skills first stage is unable to acquire people with complicated blindness.

In the second stage the blind must master the skills of self-orientation in open space on the streets, routes, it needs daily.It should be able to find every available route and convenient landmarks.

focus on open area alone possessed a small number of the blind.Most of them held a specialized training school for blind children in rehabilitation centers or visually impaired.It is necessary not only to the skills of movement on certain routes, but also to teach the blind to improve the existing knowledge through continuous systematic training.

spatial orientation of the level of the third stage provides for the possibility to navigate in all conditions of the city, using all modes of transport in small areas of the natural environment, etc.At the same time help sighted people are not available, or its share is negligible.These skills can only be achieved independent training throughout life is the most difficult skills, but they provide great opportunities for the integration of the blind into society.

principles and results of the education of blind orienteering

blind All courses are designed for blind people with no other violations that are rarely possible in practice.

Therefore instructors conducting such training, the first stage of the work the students are divided into groups depending on the presence or absence of any violations.

After graduation, all have blind:

  • have information about the significance of residual senses and their importance during orientation;
  • have the right idea about the surrounding area and its facilities;
  • able to find visual, tactile and olfactory landmarks, have skills to use them in orientation;
  • able with the help of speech to describe the items and routes;
  • have the skills to use a cane;
  • be able to enjoy all kinds of local and regional transport;
  • able to independently learn complex, combined routes.

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