The most important task of training spatial orientation - to give everyone a blind optimal set of knowledge and skills to enable it to adequately operate in any environment.
spatial orientation of blind training program includes:
Tiflopsihologi divided the learning process of spatial orientation on three main levels.
first stage - elementary skills.At this stage of training the blind must act independently and navigate in domestic premises, in the conditions of the apartment, home, infield, in the workplace, if any, he has.
These skills are considered to be simple enough, they all blind master until falling into rehabilitation centers, in which the centralized training of spatial orientation.Independently skills first stage is unable to acquire people with complicated blindness.
In the second stage the blind must master the skills of self-orientation in open space on the streets, routes, it needs daily.It should be able to find every available route and convenient landmarks.
focus on open area alone possessed a small number of the blind.Most of them held a specialized training school for blind children in rehabilitation centers or visually impaired.It is necessary not only to the skills of movement on certain routes, but also to teach the blind to improve the existing knowledge through continuous systematic training.
spatial orientation of the level of the third stage provides for the possibility to navigate in all conditions of the city, using all modes of transport in small areas of the natural environment, etc.At the same time help sighted people are not available, or its share is negligible.These skills can only be achieved independent training throughout life is the most difficult skills, but they provide great opportunities for the integration of the blind into society.
blind All courses are designed for blind people with no other violations that are rarely possible in practice.
Therefore instructors conducting such training, the first stage of the work the students are divided into groups depending on the presence or absence of any violations.
After graduation, all have blind:
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