Injuries of bones and joints : the main types and symptoms

bone and joint injuries
bone and joint injuries occur as a result of various factors.Injuries can be closed and open.The most common traumatic injuries are considered: intra-articular fractures, wrist injury, knee injury.

Signs of bone and joint injuries - pallor, crunch, unnatural position legs, arms or other parts of the body, swelling in the injured area, lameness or inability to walk due to the pain.


Usually these injuries, like sprains, broken bones, ligament sprain or tendon damage the epiphysis or other parts of the skeleton, accompanied by the following symptoms:

  • sharp or dull pain;
  • swelling;
  • impossibility of functioning of the damaged parts of the body;
  • growing bruise on the affected area.

If multiple dislocations, sprains, fractures, pain at first small, but if time does not heal bones and joints injuries, pain can increase.

Public and private damage

Usually, traumatic injuries of bones and joints are closed and open.To open injuries include:

  • injured area of ​​the joint;
  • open intraarticular fractures of: penetrating (violated the integrity of the layers of the joint capsule);non-penetrating (violated the integrity of the layers of the joint capsule, but it saved the synovium).

It closed traumatic injuries include damage.

  1. bruises.
  2. Stretching,
  3. Fracture.
  4. gap joints and ligaments.
  5. Dislocations and subluxations.
  6. Damage intra-formations.
  7. Intra-articular fractures.

injury to bones and joints of the closed type are usually accompanied by epiphyseal fractures, hemorrhage into the capsule and into the joint cavity, the knee meniscus tear.As a result, may develop aseptic inflammation productive, so all injuries of bones and joints should be treated more than serious.


Frequent trauma for sprains are: rupture of ligaments, joint capsules, hemarthrosis periarticular muscles.Acromioclavicular dislocation of the knee and, as a rule, lead to injury of the meniscus, discs and cruciate ligament.Heavy damage with a poor functional prognosis are intraarticular fractures.


During injury may occur such injuries of bones and joints, such as: crack, tear or detachment of the cartilage (transkhondralnye fractures).If the joint over time, it appears the lock are stored in pain, feeling a crunch or movements there is a sharp click, you should immediately consult your doctor, as there is every reason to believe that the damaged articular cartilage.


to injuries of joints and bones are injured and who are qualified by the nature of the injury itself (non-penetrating and penetrating), the degree of traumatic lesions of bone and soft tissues, as well as the accompanying damage to the nerves and major blood vessels.

With all these injuries, you should not self-medicate, as the consequences can be very serious.

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