People take to school for the hearing impaired

What pedagogical classification of children with hearing loss and why it is needed.

Educational classification of disabled children with hearing focused on the distinction between them, depending on the factors and the degree of deafness.In addition, such classification are the basis of different educational process of various adults and children with hearing loss.

Psycho-pedagogical classification RMBoskis

most prevalent among surdopedagogs and psychologists received psychological and pedagogical classification RM In our country,Boskis.It is based on the theory of compensation for psychological functions LSVygotsky, in particular - the situation of the complexity and structure dysfunctions.

In this classification, the main criteria are:

  • degree of hearing loss;
  • time of occurrence of hearing impairment;
  • level and degree of development of speech.

hearing children Groups

first group - children born with impaired hearing or hearing loss before the speech development in early life.Such chil

dren are not able to accept natural speech, can not master their own native language.They are able to master the speech only through reading, as well as enhance the natural sounds in a special training.

second group consists of late deafened children with already formed speech.They are deaf when we already knew, and it possessed freely.However, the degree of hearing impairment and speech preservation of these children may be different.

Without special training with a strong deafness it begins to fade from the constant baby items, and if with it will not engage specialists, could disappear altogether.

These children have the experience of verbal communication, it is important for them to learn to perceive speech through visual images.Their thinking is similar to the thinking normally hearing peers, the higher the degree of hearing preservation, the higher level of thinking.

The third group includes children with intact, but hearing loss.Depending on the degree of hearing preservation, these children may possess their own speech, but it has a number of significant deficiencies that the learning process should be corrected.The value of the visual comprehension of speech is higher, the lower the level of hearing.

Why classification

assignment of a child to a particular group, it defines the program of study and school choice, which is to study and develop the child.

In particular, the school for the hearing impaired is recommended to study late deafened children with a good level of speech development and hearing impaired children.

development of such classifications can play a significant role in a child's life, because it is not in the direction corresponding to its violations of school can lead to irreparable consequences.

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