Ankylosing spondylitis in women : features

Ankylosing spondylitis in women : features
Ankylosing spondylitis in women - a difficult disease that causes difficulty in diagnosis and requires high quality treatment.

Ankylosing spondylitis is a rheumatic bone, ligaments and cartilage, leading eventually to the development of ankylosis.

Ankylosing spondylitis in women: causes

At the moment, the exact cause of the disease is not established, however, identified a number of predisposing factors:

  • specific genetic predisposition and genetic characteristics of women, such as the presence of antigen HLA B27, responsible for increased susceptibility to virusesand bacteria, causing inflammation of the connective tissue and cartilage;
  • viral infections, trauma, severe diseases of internal organs;
  • prolonged or acute, but intense stress;
  • according to some, to ankylosing spondylitis predisposed women who have had urinary tract infection or a severe streptococcal infection.

Ankylosing spondylitis in women: symptoms

manifestations of ankylosing spondylitis in women may be different.Most often

, the first news of the disease are pain in the spine, mostly in sacral.Much less starts ankylosing spondylitis with peripheral pain in the joints and very rarely - with eye inflammation.

Some women marked pain in the back or neck, while others complain of morning stiffness of the spine, which runs throughout the day.In rare cases, possible complaints of pain in the heel, especially in the area of ​​the Achilles tendon.

pain in ankylosing spondylitis occurs in the form of an attack or crisis, the duration of which can be several months.A characteristic symptom of the disease is an inflammatory rhythm of pain, wherein the pain is amplified in the second half of the night.

Ankylosing spondylitis in women: features

for ankylosing spondylitis in women is characterized by several features:

  • disease process originates in the shoulder joints;
  • observed polyarthritis, ie multiple lesions of the joints;
  • moderate inflammation of the joints, stable remission is sometimes possible even in the absence of the treatment;
  • defeat asymmetrical large joints;
  • complete ankylosis is rarely observed, in contrast to the men, and the pathological process often develops in the breast, rather than the sacral spine.

Ankylosing spondylitis in women: diagnosis

X-ray examination is appointed for the diagnosis of disease.Diagnostic criteria of ankylosing spondylitis in women considered:

  • pain in the sacrum and lower back, which occur at rest and are in a state of motion;
  • persistent restriction of mobility of the ribs and sternum, as a result of which changes the depth of breathing;
  • inflammation of both sacroiliac joints.

combination of at least two of the three symptoms allows to suspect a woman ankylosing spondylitis.

Ankylosing spondylitis in women: treatment

When ankylosing spondylitis treatment is carried out for life.Therefore, the treatment a woman receives permanently therapy depends on the stage of the disease and its phases.

During exacerbation of ankylosing spondylitis are appointed by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, dosage, dosing frequency and duration of treatment is chosen individually in each case.

Appointed as multivitamins and means profilaktiruet changes in ligaments and joints.

In severe ankylosing spondylitis in women, occurs with fever and severe inflammation of the joints, you may need a course of cytotoxic drugs and steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

Ankylosing spondylitis, or low back pain?

Ankylosing spondylitis, typical for ankylosing spondylitis in women is sometimes required to distinguish from osteoarthritis.To do this, carry out simple diagnostic test.

  1. tilted to the side: when they are impossible spondylitis, osteochondrosis - feasible.
  2. to spondylitis is characterized by the disappearance of back pain within 1-2 hours after administration of NSAID.

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