Sjogren's syndrome : causes , diagnosis and treatment

disease Sjogren
pretty common disease - Sjogren's syndrome - is manifested in autoimmune lesions of the lacrimal, salivary and endocrine glands, and later.This process is accompanied by hypofunction and combined with systemic inflammatory diseases.

Exact data about the causes of the disease "Sjögren's syndrome" is still missing.a lot of research and observation was conducted, which resulted in it turned out that Sjögren's syndrome occurs due to genetic predisposition.However, the development of the disease can trigger a variety of factors.

factors that trigger the development of Sjögren's syndrome, and his

provoke symptoms of the disease "Sjögren's syndrome»:

  • hypothermia;
  • fatigue;
  • viral infections;
  • mental disorders and overvoltage.

disease "Sjögren's syndrome" manifests a variety of symptoms, the most common of which are connected with the elaboration of a bad secretion glands in the body.Here are the most common symptoms of the disease.

  1. Dry skin.
  2. dry eyes, burning sensation, feeling the presence of a f
    oreign body in the eye, itching, increased sensitivity to bright light and a significant reddening of the conjunctiva.
  3. Dryness in the nose, mouth, throat, causing problems during swallowing and speaking."Sjögren's syndrome" disease causes difficulty in swallowing solid and dry food.As a result, cavities can be formed, ulcers appear, change in taste can occur.
  4. Excessive vaginal dryness.
  5. parotid glands.

Diagnosis and treatment

When the diagnosis takes into account that the dryness of the mouth, nose and throat, and burning eyes - this is not always the presence of the disease "Sjögren's syndrome".Diagnosed disease especially in the presence of inflammation of glands, although sometimes it is a consequence of metabolic disorders.In older people often prematurely reduced function of the lacrimal and salivary glands, that has nothing to do with such troubles as "Sjögren's syndrome" disease.For the diagnosis is also carried out a study of tissues of the mucous membrane of the mouth.

the treatment of diseases of the main tasks - is reduce inflammation, eliminate dryness of the mouth and burning eyes.The hardest thing to remove the inflammatory process, while using these types of drugs as immunosuppressants.

oral dryness causes severe thirst, since saliva not only helps with grinding and swallowing food, but also moisturizes the mucous membranes, protect against a possible infection.Insufficient quantity of saliva can cause inflammation of the gums and teeth.The disease "Sjögren's syndrome" involves rinsing the mouth with antiseptic solutions and more frequent brushing.

Insufficient production of tear fluid can cause flushing of the conjunctiva and cornea.Treatment "Sjögren's syndrome" disease involves constant moistening eyes with drops and ointments.The nasal cavity is moistened with a special spray.Furthermore, indoors all the time necessary to maintain high humidity.

often from this disease affects women of middle age, but sometimes it is detected and the girls with ovarian hyperfunction.

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