The most common eye disease

The most common eye disease
Vision is one of the basic senses.From its severity depends on the quality of life, because it is through the eyes of a person receives 90% of information about the outside world.Some eye diseases can not only impair vision, but also lead to complete loss.

The human eye is a complex optical system.To fail in its work may cause minor violations caused by excessive load, genetic predisposition, infection, trauma and other adverse factors.

All eye diseases are divided into two categories: infectious and non-infectious.

Infectious Diseases

eye Infectious eye disease caused by a variety of microorganisms: viruses, bacteria, fungi and protozoa.In the absence of adequate treatment, the infection can cause damage to the cornea, and in the most severe cases - the complete loss of vision.The most common infectious diseases of the eye - conjunctivitis, blepharitis, barley.

Conjunctivitis - an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eye or the conjunctiva.Most often, the disease is transmitted from pers

on to person with poor personal hygiene.

main symptoms of conjunctivitis are:

  • itching;
  • burning;
  • protein redness of the eye;
  • conjunctival hyperemia;
  • feeling of sand in the eyes;
  • swelling of the eyelids;
  • watery eyes;
  • sticky discharge from the eyes;
  • photophobia.

Blepharitis - an inflammation of the ciliary edges of the eyelids.The disease is very common and difficult to treat.Recurrent blepharitis usually indicates a decrease in immunity.Symptoms of this disease are the eye:

  • swelling and redness of the edges of the eyelids;
  • itching under the eyelashes and hair loss;
  • watery eyes;
  • photophobia;
  • increased sensitivity to wind and dust;
  • formation of flakes or scabs on the edges of the eyelids.

Barley - an inflammation of the hair follicle and sebaceous gland at the edge of the century.The most common pathogen is Staphylococcus aureus, which is activated with the weakening of immunity.In most cases, barley responds well to treatment.Symptoms of the disease are:

  • limited swelling on the edge of the eyelid;
  • slight swelling at the site of inflammation;
  • conjunctival redness century;
  • pain;
  • itching.

Noncommunicable diseases Noncommunicable

eye eye diseases arise due to the constant voltage level, age-related changes, and genetic predisposition.Sometimes the causes of certain diseases remains unclear.The most common non-communicable diseases of the eye is dry eye syndrome, cataracts, glaucoma.

Syndrome dry eye is most often exposed to people who spend a long time at the computer, watching TV or reading a screen.In addition, the cause of the disease can be cigarette smoke, air conditioning in the room, adverse weather conditions, and even vitamin deficiencies.

tear film that protects the eyeball from drying out due to a rare blink and the impact of negative factors do not have time to recover, with the result that the disease occurs.

addition to mucosal dryness of the eyes, symptoms of dry eye syndrome are:

  • itching;
  • photophobia;
  • burning;
  • redness of the eyes;
  • watery eyes;
  • blurred vision.

Cataract - a clouding of the eye's lens that prevents the passage of light rays.Disease susceptible people over the age of 55 years, but the reason for its occurrence can be a trauma, certain types of radiation, and a number of diseases such as myotonia, diabetes, myopia or glaucoma.A cataract looks like a cloudy film on the lens of the eye and the eye doctor diagnosed during the examination.

Glaucoma - is an eye disease that is characterized by increased intraocular pressure and optic nerve damage.Visual acuity at the same time decreases until complete blindness.Most often the disease develops in people older than 50 years, but there are cases of congenital and juvenile glaucoma.

Increased eye pressure is manifested by the following symptoms:

  • blurred vision;
  • pain in the eyes;
  • loss of the ability to see at dusk;
  • discomfort and heaviness in the eye;
  • pain around the eyes.

As identified in the early stages of eye disease in most cases are treatable.It is therefore important biannual checkups from an ophthalmologist.

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