The human eye is a complex optical system.To fail in its work may cause minor violations caused by excessive load, genetic predisposition, infection, trauma and other adverse factors.
All eye diseases are divided into two categories: infectious and non-infectious.
eye Infectious eye disease caused by a variety of microorganisms: viruses, bacteria, fungi and protozoa.In the absence of adequate treatment, the infection can cause damage to the cornea, and in the most severe cases - the complete loss of vision.The most common infectious diseases of the eye - conjunctivitis, blepharitis, barley.
Conjunctivitis - an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eye or the conjunctiva.Most often, the disease is transmitted from pers
main symptoms of conjunctivitis are:
Blepharitis - an inflammation of the ciliary edges of the eyelids.The disease is very common and difficult to treat.Recurrent blepharitis usually indicates a decrease in immunity.Symptoms of this disease are the eye:
Barley - an inflammation of the hair follicle and sebaceous gland at the edge of the century.The most common pathogen is Staphylococcus aureus, which is activated with the weakening of immunity.In most cases, barley responds well to treatment.Symptoms of the disease are:
eye eye diseases arise due to the constant voltage level, age-related changes, and genetic predisposition.Sometimes the causes of certain diseases remains unclear.The most common non-communicable diseases of the eye is dry eye syndrome, cataracts, glaucoma.
Syndrome dry eye is most often exposed to people who spend a long time at the computer, watching TV or reading a screen.In addition, the cause of the disease can be cigarette smoke, air conditioning in the room, adverse weather conditions, and even vitamin deficiencies.
tear film that protects the eyeball from drying out due to a rare blink and the impact of negative factors do not have time to recover, with the result that the disease occurs.
addition to mucosal dryness of the eyes, symptoms of dry eye syndrome are:
Cataract - a clouding of the eye's lens that prevents the passage of light rays.Disease susceptible people over the age of 55 years, but the reason for its occurrence can be a trauma, certain types of radiation, and a number of diseases such as myotonia, diabetes, myopia or glaucoma.A cataract looks like a cloudy film on the lens of the eye and the eye doctor diagnosed during the examination.
Glaucoma - is an eye disease that is characterized by increased intraocular pressure and optic nerve damage.Visual acuity at the same time decreases until complete blindness.Most often the disease develops in people older than 50 years, but there are cases of congenital and juvenile glaucoma.
Increased eye pressure is manifested by the following symptoms:
As identified in the early stages of eye disease in most cases are treatable.It is therefore important biannual checkups from an ophthalmologist.
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