Mountain sickness : it

Mountain sickness : it
Travelers enthusiast gathering in the mountains, among other dangers lurking another - mountain, or high-altitude illness.

The name of the disease shows its main feature - it manifests itself at an altitude where the air is rarefied.

disease triggered by a sharp rise in the first place.The higher the altitude, the greater the likelihood of symptoms of altitude sickness.

Classification heights at risk of altitude sickness

In general, the classification of the heights on the basis of symptoms of altitude sickness can be represented as follows.

  • 1000-2000 m. The zone of so-called full acclimatization.The body is well adapted to the changing composition of the air.At these altitudes, the risk of altitude sickness is very low.
  • 2000-4000 m. The so-called border zone.At this altitude, the emergence of signs of altitude sickness becomes more real.About 20% of people feel a slight discomfort and dizziness.A negative factor in this case is the physical work: the more intense the person moves, the more man
    ifest the symptoms of altitude sickness.
  • 4000-6000 m. Altitude illness develops very often.Observed hypoxia (decreased blood oxygen saturation), various functional disorders, malaise.
  • 6000-8000 m. The pain in his head, bleeding, dizziness, respiratory failure.Blue lips and nails, hallucinations.Height exceeding 8,000 meters, is considered lethal zone.Internal reserves person to find at such a height enough very long.

Factors that increase the risk of altitude sickness

The cause of the disease is the lack of oxygen.But to increase the risk of altitude sickness can be a number of factors, among which we can mention:

  • the presence of alcohol or caffeine in the blood;
  • fatigue, exhaustion, hypothermia;
  • irregular and poor nutrition;
  • emotional tension and stress;
  • profuse loss of blood;
  • overweight;
  • chronic respiratory disease (bronchitis, tracheitis, asthma).

Symptoms and forms of altitude sickness

The main danger of the disease lies in the fact that it appears especially individually.For example, women suffer lack of oxygen better than men.

following changes taking place with the man in the highlands may be the symptoms of altitude sickness:

  • heavy sweating, palpitations, chills;
  • tinnitus, fatigue, pale skin;
  • lack of appetite, respiratory failure.

mountain sickness has various manifestations, namely:

  • cardiovascular shape;
  • gastro-intestinal form;
  • cerebral form;
  • pulmonary form;
  • brain shape;
  • mixed form.

From the above main and most dangerous is cerebral and pulmonary forms.It is the brain and the lungs are affected more than others with the altitude sickness.If you notice any of these forms of altitude sickness requires immediate descent.

main symptoms of pulmonary forms are cyanosis of the face, a persistent cough, shortness of breath, fatigue, wheezing.

When brain shape in humans observed loss of coordination, blurred vision, hallucinations, headache, in severe cases - coma.Brain mountain sickness is extremely dangerous, since the untimely rendered assistance possible swelling of the brain and, as a consequence, brain damage, death.

prevention of altitude sickness

for altitude sickness prevention of a number of rules must be followed:

  • not continue to rise at display any of the symptoms;
  • in overcoming considerable height does not move on the next 24 hours;
  • with an increase in the symptoms of altitude sickness how to begin the descent faster.

There is another unspoken rule: if at the height of the climber feels bad, with no obvious signs of other diseases it is believed that he acute mountain sickness and the urgent need to begin the descent.

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