Causes of acne

Causes of acne
Acne or Acne is caused by a violation of the sebaceous glands.Due to the blockage of the ducts sebum inflammation develops, which can be either a small hump, and large infiltration.There are many varieties of acne.The success of treatment depends on what causes the disease caused.

The most common acne appear in areas where a high concentration of sebaceous glands: on the face and upper back and chest.

They not only represent a serious cosmetic defect, but can also be a consequence of certain diseases.

Species acne

Acne can manifest itself in different ways depending on the nature of lesions.

main varieties of acne:

  • black dots (comedones) are a cluster of dead skin flakes, clogging the hair follicle;
  • whiteheads (Corn Bunting) - a kind of comedones, look like small nodules under the top layer of the skin;
  • ordinary (vulgar) acne appears most often in adolescence as a result of inflammation of the sebaceous glands;
  • rosacea (rosacea) are rash, occurring against the backdrop of strong reddening o
    f the skin;
  • pustular acne - ulcers on the skin surface, resulting from the defeat of the epidermis;
  • phlegmonous acne - large cyst arising from the destruction of several sebaceous glands;
  • acne conglobata - formation of painful rounded, consisting of several components;
  • acne medication - red spots or pustules that occur as a reaction to certain medications.

rash on the skin can be caused by both internal and external reasons.

internal causes of acne

hormonal changes .The most pronounced changes the body during adolescence.Due to the active steroid hormone production is enhanced secretion of the sebaceous glands, thereby appearing and rash.For the same reasons acne occur in women during the premenstrual period.

Violations production of sex hormones.If acne vulgaris caused by physiological causes, rash persists into adulthood and is not dependent on the menstrual cycle phase, in most cases point to various diseases, such as polycystic ovaries or hyperandrogenism.

Hereditary predisposition .The probability of occurrence of acne is higher in those people whose immediate relatives suffered from the same problem.

thickening of the stratum corneum, or hyperkeratosis .This condition also increases the risk of developing acne.It can be caused by both cutaneous and systemic diseases (eg, diabetes).In addition, hyperkeratosis develops with vitamin A deficiency and toxicity resulting from exposure of the skin to certain chemicals.

Unbalanced diet, as well as diseases of the gastrointestinal tract .They not only increase the risk of acne, but also worsen its course.Moreover, based on the localization of lesions, we can assume a body or digestive tract struck.Acne in the area of ​​the cheeks, lips and the corners of the nose may indicate pancreatic disease, in the temples - problems with the gall bladder.Eruptions on the forehead indirectly point to the defeat of the small intestine and above the upper lip - thick.

Acne .This disease is caused by parasitism opportunistic mite Demodex, which is present on healthy skin, but normally does not manifest itself.The disease most often develops in the weakening of immunity, stress or improper skin care.

External causes of acne

External causes of acne include:

  • adverse weather conditions (high temperatures, humidity);
  • insufficient or the wrong skin care;
  • abuse of cosmetics;
  • taking certain medications (corticosteroids, anti-TB drugs, vitamins B, etc.).

Acne treatment

Acne treatment should be carried out after a thorough examination and determine its causes.To do this, you must consult a dermatologist, endocrinologist, and women - and even to the gynecologist.In no event it is impossible to squeeze existing rash.This will only worsen for acne.

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