To diagnose diseases of the pancreas used clinical, laboratory and instrumental methods of research.
survey begins with a thorough questioning of the patient about the existing complaints.Already at this stage it is possible to suspect a violation on the part of the pancreas, and sometimes define their character.Here, attention is drawn to such complaints as pain in the upper abdomen, nausea and vomiting, indigestion, upset his chair.
pain syndrome, characteristic of inflammatory diseases of the pancreas, has its own characteristics.Pain thus concentrated in the upper abdomen and the shingles are in nature.Pain may be moderate or high intensity, triggered by the reception of fatty foods, alcohol.
When tumoral lesions of the pancreas any pain for a long time may not be available.
Eating Disorders in lesions of the pancreas appear in the complaints of frequent stools
Loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, not bringing relief - symptoms that are characteristic of inflammatory lesions of the pancreas.
sharp decrease in appetite until aversion to food is possible with pancreatic cancer.Neoplastic diseases of the pancreas can also cause compression of the bile duct and the appearance of jaundice.On examination, the patient's doctor can pay attention to weight loss, discoloration of the skin.
Normally, the pancreas is not detectable, and the presence of tumors or cysts in the pancreas can be detected in the seal area.Inflammation of the pancreas accompanied by tenderness on pressure in the upper abdomen.
research methods most commonly used laboratory methods of determining the activity of pancreatic enzymes in biological fluids and examination of feces.
in serum and urine most often examined the content of pancreatic amylase.When pancreatic inflammatory disease is an increase in the activity of this enzyme.
When scatological study reveals an increase in the total amount of feces, the high content of neutral fat in the feces (steatorrhea).
Laboratory also examined the composition of pancreatic juice and duodenal contents.
Ultrasound diagnosis of pancreatic allows you to specify the size, shape, contours and pancreatic disorders in its structure.
the same purpose, may conduct a computer or magnetic resonance imaging of the pancreas, which gives more detailed information about the state of the body.
X-ray of the abdominal cavity reveals indirect signs of lesions of the pancreas - to change the position of the neighboring organs, changes in the stomach and intestines, calcification and stones in the ducts of the breast.
To clarify the status of the pancreatic ducts is carried out endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERPHG).This x-ray cancer do after the administration of contrast medium directly into its channels through the duodenum.
In severe cases, to determine the scope of the treatment applied additional methods of research, such as laparoscopy or biopsy of the pancreas.
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