all infectious diseases can be divided into groups according to the localization of the disease and the nature of the causative agent.
On localization of the disease infectious diseases is divided into disease integument, respiratory tract infections, intestinal infections, infectious diseases of the circulatory system, the transmission of infection with a variety of mechanisms (eg, enterovirus infection).
By the nature of infectious agents are divided into bacterial, viral, fungal, protozoal (caused by protozoa organisms), prion (called a special class of proteins - prions without nucleic acid and causing severe CNS pathology).
All infectious diseases vary in severity, but even an infectious disease with a relatively mild symptoms is dangerous for the body.
diagnosis of infectious diseases is carried out using the following methods.
That laboratory diagnosis plays a critical role in the diagnosis of infectious diseases, so infections in laboratory diagnostic techniques is to dwell.
All methods of laboratory diagnosis of infectious diseases is divided into two groups - nonspecific and specific methods.
nonspecific methods of laboratory diagnosis of infectious diseases include:
Specific laboratory diagnosis of infectious diseases includes virological and bacteriological methods of diagnostics to isolate the causative agent of an infectious disease, microscopic examination of abjection, rapid diagnostics for the detection of pathogen antigens, serological diagnostics for the detection of specific antibodies, allergic skin tests.
It should be emphasized that the diagnosis of infectious diseases should be to use several methods at the same time as the negative results of laboratory diagnosis can not completely exclude the diagnosis.
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