Pain in osteochondrosis : how we can help

Pain in osteochondrosis : how we can help
Osteochondrosis - an extremely common disease associated with impaired elasticity of the intervertebral discs and the resulting consequences of this condition.Osteochondrosis is often accompanied by severe pain and frequent relapses.

According to doctors, pain in osteochondrosis, as the disease itself, by force prevented almost everyone.

Suffice it to lead a more healthy lifestyle, maintain adequate physical activity and purposefully engaged in the prevention of diseases of the musculoskeletal system, as well as their recurrence.

But as a rule, patients forget about it until then, until the pain in osteochondrosis literally make, seek medical advice urgently.

This healing effect of the therapy is only temporary, since it is not comprehensive and systematic, often aimed at eliminating the causes of the disease and its symptoms only.

Removing pain in osteochondrosis

First of all, the patient must ensure that the motor rest to prevent a further increase in muscle spasm, edema and infringement of th

e nerve roots, and other changes.When the localization process in the cervical spine - Cervicalgia - it can be done with a special discharge cervical collar Schanz (it is sold in pharmacies, but its analog can be done at home).

When lumbosacral osteochondrosis - lumbalgia - bed rest is required to eliminate the pain by reducing the tension of nerve fibers and muscle spasm.But the mattress on the bed must not sag under the weight of the body, and the patient should lie down with legs bent at the knees and / or hips legs (on the side or on the back) with additional support in the form of planted under the pillow or foot roll of blankets.

When severe pain is recommended intake of analgesics and muscle relaxants to relieve muscle spasm, reduce local tensions and improve circulation.With the same purpose recommended the application of anti-inflammatory ointments and gels, healing balms and rubbing on the sore area.

If the pain is persistent (for several hours) the nature or increases, it is necessary to consult a doctor and not self-medicate, as this may develop complications that require complex treatment in hospital (infringement of the nerve roots, the development of hernias of intervertebral disks,stroke, paresthesia and paralysis, etc.).

doctor may also prescribe additional tests to clarify the causes of pain, determination of spinal conditions, the process of dissemination and development of possible complications:

  • X-ray examination (survey radiographs and computer tomography of the spine);
  • magnetic resonance imaging;.
  • electroneuromyography etc.

Complex therapy for pain in osteochondrosis

After that, for the treatment of degenerative disc disease is assigned a complex therapy, which may include:

  • holding paravertebral blockades with anesthetics, farmakupunkturu;
  • medical therapy appointment nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, muscle relaxants, antihistamines, B vitamins;
  • physiotherapy for analgesic, anti-inflammatory and regenerative effect (electro- and phonophoresis, diadynamic currents, magnetic, etc.).

In some cases, pronounced analgesic effect and eliminate the syndrome of compression of spinal roots can achieve with the help of musculoskeletal stretching using special equipment in conjunction with other treatments, reflexology.

very effective osteopathic therapy, myofascial removes tension and restoring blood flow and normal tone of musculo-ligamentous apparatus, relaxing massage, exercise therapy.

In cases where the methods of conservative therapy fails to achieve improvement of the patient, eliminate pain and other severe manifestations of osteochondrosis, resort to a minimally invasive operative treatments:

  • Nucleoplasty cold plasma;
  • microdiskectomy;
  • operations deinervatsii radiofrequency current ultra-high frequency.

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