Stroke - an acute cerebrovascular accident, which is accompanied by severe neurological disorders.The disease occurs mainly in two forms.
most common is ischemic stroke, occurs when a sudden violation of the flow of oxygen and nutrients to the brain tissues.This is possible with the occlusion of blood vessels supplying the brain thrombus (blood clot).
Less occurs hemorrhagic form of stroke, which is caused by bleeding in the brain substance, often against a background of vessel rupture.
According to statistics, stroke is the second (after the acute heart disease) among the causes of death of the adult population.Many of the surviving patients are unable to work and require constant care.
Risk factors for stroke have long been well known.According to experts, adherence to the simple rules of a healthy lifestyle can prevent about half of all cases of ischemic stroke in both men and women.
Approximately the same results were obtained recently by researchers from Harvard School of Public Health (USA).
Experts tracked changes in health is almost 115 thousand. Volunteers at baseline no cardiovascular disease do not suffer.The average age of the men at the beginning of the work was 54 years, and women - 50 years.
Participants in the study reported by scientists about the features of their way of life and emerged over the last 16 years of illness.In general, it observed more than 1.5 thousand. Cases of stroke among women and almost 1 thousand. Cases in men.
researchers were able to identify the particular lifestyle that minimizes the risk of acute brain states.
Women who observe all the rules of a healthy lifestyle, the risk of ischemic stroke as the most common form of the disease, decreased by about 80%.In men, almost the same results were obtained.
highest risk of cerebrovascular disease and stroke was seen in those who do not follow any of the rules mentioned above.
Healthy lifestyle helps reduce the likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes and coronary heart disease.
results of the study presented in the journal on the problems of cardiovascular diseases Circulation.
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