Attention in children with hearing loss

Visual perception plays an important role in children with hearing impairment.

At preschool age all children, including children with hearing loss, leading type of attention is involuntary.Such attention is called interests of the child objects and phenomena of the surrounding world.

Sustainability as focus property as the child gets older, changes in the direction increase.If at the age of about two to three years, the child can not focus on one and the same action more than three minutes, to six years in this period is increased to 20 minutes, and in the early school years when changing the type of activity can last about 40 minutes.

the child reaches school age had formed voluntary attention, which has properties such as stability and pereklyuchaemost.

for hearing-impaired children is very important visual perception, it is significantly higher than normal.This indicates that the largest amount of processing incoming information falls on the visual sensory system.The most striking example of this

is reading from the lips of the person speaking the voice information that requires complete concentration on people's face.Attentive scrutinizing every second in the face of the person making the attention of a deaf child less switchable than in normal-hearing peers.Children with hearing impairment vrabatyvayutsya harder, make more mistakes when monotonous work.

Productivity attention of deaf children depends on the visual-graphic qualities of the object: the material is more expressive, he quickly perceived by the child, which more fully describes the significant elements of the object, identifies it informative signs, makes fewer mistakes.

Psychological studies have shown that the development of deaf children of involuntary attention is advisable to use bright images, pictures, and other such materials, and to generate arbitrary better to use tables, charts, labyrinths.

for development of various properties of attention in children with hearing disabilities using specialized Stimulus and visual material, created on the basis of a psychological and pedagogical research, and taking into account technological progress.Such material may be broadcast on the electronic and large monitors.

In adolescence, children with impaired hearing mark the peak of the development of voluntary attention, normally hearing peers in shaping this process starts at three or four years earlier.A later development of this higher form of attention due to the backlog of deaf children in the development of speech.

Initially, the formation of voluntary attention is mediated by communication with adults.Adult forefinger gesture directs the child's attention on an object, thereby releasing it from the total weight of all items.Thus, the child gradually from involuntary attention begins to plan displayed at random.Children with hearing loss, this transition occurs at a later age.

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