Laparoscopy - a minimally invasive surgical procedure, performed using a special fiber-optic instrument - laparoscope, through small incisions in the abdomen.
This method is used to diagnose and treat various diseases of the abdominal cavity:
Diagnostic laparoscopy provides surgeons the opportunity to see a clear image of the test body on a video monitor and diagnosis.In the treatment through small incisions necessary surgical instruments are introduced and extracted education, requiring removal.
Laparoscopy is widely used in surgery.For example, to remove or repair the internal organs: gall bladder, appendix, spleen, kidney, bladder, uterine
indications for such intervention can be:
Laparoscopy has been used successfully in the treatment of female infertility, endometriosis and polycystic ovaries.
Compared with open surgery laparoscopy has several important advantages.
Surgery of any nature is the risk to the body.In the case of laparoscopy it is reduced to a minimum.Less obvious, as in the case of other operations is general anesthesia (general anesthesia).Its portability depends on the individual person and controlled by anesthesiologists.
During laparoscopy is also a risk of damage to internal organs at the time of introduction of tools, depending on the skill of the surgeon.
After the surgery in very rare cases may cause bleeding and infections operated organs.To avoid such consequences, it is important to determine the presence of contraindications to laparoscopy.It can be blood diseases, violation of its clotting, obesity, infectious diseases, pregnancy.
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