What is laparoscopy

Laparoscopy
Diagnostic and therapeutic laparoscopy is widely used in surgery.This method allows us to solve the problem of the removal of internal organs, tumors, adhesions, and also serves for the treatment of female infertility.

Laparoscopy - a minimally invasive surgical procedure, performed using a special fiber-optic instrument - laparoscope, through small incisions in the abdomen.

This method is used to diagnose and treat various diseases of the abdominal cavity:

  • extraction of cysts;
  • with bariatric operations (get rid of extra weight);
  • the removal of some internal organs.

Diagnostic laparoscopy provides surgeons the opportunity to see a clear image of the test body on a video monitor and diagnosis.In the treatment through small incisions necessary surgical instruments are introduced and extracted education, requiring removal.

Laparoscopy: indications

Laparoscopy is widely used in surgery.For example, to remove or repair the internal organs: gall bladder, appendix, spleen, kidney, bladder, uterine

tubes at elimination of ectopic pregnancy.

indications for such intervention can be:

  • internal bleeding;
  • need surgery on the stomach;
  • tumors of the reproductive system;
  • hernia;
  • adhesions and cysts.

Laparoscopy has been used successfully in the treatment of female infertility, endometriosis and polycystic ovaries.

advantages of laparoscopy

Compared with open surgery laparoscopy has several important advantages.

  • This method is less traumatic for the patient, as required for the operation incisions are much smaller in size, so recovery is faster.
  • Already a few hours after surgery, the patient can get up and walk.
  • During the operation, blood loss is much lower, there is no contact with the gauze, swabs or glove surgeon, thereby reducing the risk of infections and post-operative adhesions.
  • Due to the small size of the seams does not happen their differences.
  • Laparoscopy leaves virtually no scars.

Laparoscopy: disadvantages and contraindications

Surgery of any nature is the risk to the body.In the case of laparoscopy it is reduced to a minimum.Less obvious, as in the case of other operations is general anesthesia (general anesthesia).Its portability depends on the individual person and controlled by anesthesiologists.

During laparoscopy is also a risk of damage to internal organs at the time of introduction of tools, depending on the skill of the surgeon.

After the surgery in very rare cases may cause bleeding and infections operated organs.To avoid such consequences, it is important to determine the presence of contraindications to laparoscopy.It can be blood diseases, violation of its clotting, obesity, infectious diseases, pregnancy.

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