Superinfection : risks to everyone!

Superinfection : what it is
Superinfection - a re-infection of the body that occurs on a background of incomplete primary infections.The nature, location and superinfection during different.They are often a complication of antibiotic treatment.

In medicine, the term "superinfection" refers to secondary infections caused by bacteria that develop in the time, when the body continues to fight the primary infection.

Superinfections may be due to the influence of drug therapy (in fact, are a side effect of medication) or a re-infection on the background of a weakened immune system.In everyday life it is often called superinfection complications.

Superinfection after antibiotics (endogenous)

endogenous, that is going from the inside of the body, caused by the rapid multiplication of superinfection available nonpathogenic or conditionally pathogenic bacteria to antibiotics background suppressed, tuberkulostaticheskoy means and preparations sulfanilamidnymi normal microflora.

Call endogenous superinfection may Pseudomonas and E. co

li, Enterobacteriaceae, anaerobic bacteria, pathogenic fungi and so on.Localization

a superinfection, as well as the shape of the secondary flow of the disease are different.Endogenous superinfection can affect the respiratory, urinary and biliary tract, ENT organs, mucous membranes and skin, cause meningitis and brain abscesses.

A special case of endogenous superinfection - or bacteriolysis reaction Jarisch-Herxheimer.It arises from the large amount of endotoxin released as a result of mass destruction due to massive microbial antibiotics.

Superinfection in consequence of reinfection (exogenous)

exogenous, ie external, superinfection may be caused by the same pathogen that led to the initial infection, but with a different sensitivity to antibiotics, or new organism, who took advantage of the weakened immune systems of the patient.

mainly exogenous superinfection enter the body through the respiratory tract.In a healthy person the mucous membrane of the lungs and sinuses is covered with a protective layer, but after a flu or even the common cold, it can be broken, which can lead to infection of bacterial sinusitis, sinusitis, tonsillitis and pneumonia.

Unlike endogenous, exogenous infection can be transmitted by airborne droplets.

risk groups

superinfection most exposed to people with reduced or immature immune systems:

  • the elderly and children;
  • pregnant women;
  • diabetics;
  • patients with cardiovascular disease and are on dialysis;
  • obese varying degrees.

Exogenous infections often affect those who are diagnosed with respiratory diseases such as asthma, emphysema, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.At risk are and smokers.

Symptoms superinfection

Superinfection is always secondary and can only occur against the background of the primary disease.About her appearance by the following symptoms, which appeared shortly after or on a background of successful treatment:

  • headaches;
  • fever, chills;
  • shortness of breath, wheezing, shortness of breath;
  • cough;
  • chest pain or intestines;
  • pain with pressure on the maxillary sinus or the eyebrows;
  • yellowish-green discharge from the nose.

If you have any symptoms of superinfection should immediately consult a doctor.

Prevention superinfection

Exogenous superinfection can be prevented by observing strict hygiene:

  • carefully and how to wash their hands frequently;
  • change clothes;
  • wet cleaning and airing facilities.

During and after the disease is not necessary to attend social events and various public institutions.It is proved that the disinfectant gargling and rinsing the nose also help reduce the risk of superinfection.

To avoid endogenous superinfection, to be administered in the diet of foods and medicines, normalize microflora: natural yoghurt, sour.You can also receive antiviral drugs and multivitamin complexes.

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