Prevention and treatment of the common cold

Colds generally do not require special treatment and tested for a few days.However, it is better to avoid infection.

The best way to protect the child from the cold - to make him wash his hands, as the most common cause of infection - viruses trapped in the skin.

can also become infected through the door handles, handrails, books, stationery, remote controls, computer keyboards and mice.Virus can live up to several hours.Touching them with your hands, the child can then rub your eyes or nose and become infected.

If the child is still sick, it is important to protect others from infection.When cold symptoms would be wise to keep the child at home and avoid contact with other children.

It is also necessary to teach the child to sneeze, cough and blow your nose with a paper handkerchief.It is necessary to pay attention to the child that definitely need to be washed after blowing your nose, sneezing or coughing arm, so that the virus does not spread.

treat colds

Usually, colds pass without any spe

cial medical treatment.

When home care is necessary to observe the following guidelines:

  • necessary to ensure the child rest;
  • give him plenty of fluids;
  • at night in the nursery include a humidifier (moist environment helps ease breathing);
  • you can give your child paracetamol or ibuprofen to reduce fever and reduce pain.

Do not give aspirin to children and teenagers with flu symptoms, especially when the heat of the child.This may increase the risk of Reye's syndrome - a rare disorder that occurs exclusively in children under the age of 15 years old and able to cause harm to the liver and brain.

before giving your child any nonprescription medicine for a cold or flu, it is recommended to consult a doctor.

If nasal congestion in very young children can make use of medical pear for his cleansing containing saline (three drops in each nostril).

Antibiotics have no effect in the treatment of colds, because kill bacterial infections, and flu - the result of the action of viruses, not bacteria.

When to see a doctor

If a child is simple and a few days later his condition does not improve, you should call the doctor.You also need to seek medical care if a child has a fever, vomiting, chills, tremors, frequent dry cough, or severe fatigue.These may be signs of something more serious than the common cold, such as influenza.

In addition, if a child suffers from asthma, diabetes or other chronic diseases, it is necessary to consult with your doctor about medicines, symptoms of colds and how to maintain health.

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