stomach flu

Stomach flu - a very common term, but it is not a medical diagnosis.The correct medical name of gastric flu - gastroenteritis.

Sometimes people mistake the symptoms of stomach flu (gastroenteritis) for a viral infection - common flu.But the symptoms and treatment of stomach flu are different.

The stomach flu is different from the flu

Stomach flu or gastroenteritis - irritation and inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract.The cause of gastroenteritis may be a virus, bacteria, parasites in spoiled food or dirty water.

Influenza - a viral infection that resembles the common cold.Starting his symptoms - weakness, fever and shortness of breath.The agents are influenza virus A, B and C. Complications from the flu can be life-threatening, such as pneumonia.

Symptoms of stomach flu

gastroenteritis symptoms are cramping and abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.Also, depending on the pathogen may appear fever, headache, inflammation of the lymph glands.

In severe gastroenteritis, loss of fluid

s can lead to dehydration, it is life-threatening and requires treatment.Signs of dehydration - sunken eyes, dizziness, excessive thirst, dry mouth and sticky saliva, reduced skin elasticity, reduced urination, no tears.

By drinking a sufficient amount of dehydration fluid can be avoided.Light food (toast, rice, bananas, applesauce) can significantly alleviate the condition.However, experts recommend as much as possible to return to usual diet for 24 hours.

Causes gastric flu

Call stomach flu are E. coli, Campylobacter, Shigella and Salmonella.Viruses can also cause stomach flu, they are the cause of 30-40% of gastroenteritis in children.The most common Norovirus (Norwalk-like virus), adenovirus, rotavirus, calicivirus and astroviruses.

Giardia and Cryptosporidium can also cause severe diarrhea and dehydration.In underdeveloped countries with contaminated water supply are very common disease caused by parasites carried by water.

Some foods may irritate the stomach and also cause gastroenteritis.The most common example is a reaction to dairy products due to lactose intolerance.Another reason may be a severe allergy to seafood.

Failure to comply with the rules of hygiene can lead to stomach flu.For example, improper hand washing after using the toilet or changing a diaper can cause transmission from person to person.Many doctors say the stomach flu a family disease because of its high infectivity and because of the fact that it usually affects the entire family.

risk group

Pregnant women, children, people with malnutrition and the immunocompromised are at risk of stomach flu infection.

In addition, the severity of infectious gastroenteritis depends on the immune system's ability to resist infection.

When to see a doctor

stomach flu symptoms, combined with the weakness and dizziness may indicate dehydration.If the patient is not possible to use enough liquid, but it continues to lose it because of the heat, vomiting, and diarrhea consult your doctor.If the patient feels sleepy while this indication for immediate hospitalization.

Other indications for medical intervention are:

  • blood in vomit and stool;
  • temperature is above 38.3 degrees;
  • bloating or pain in the abdomen on the right;
  • vomiting that lasts more than 48 hours.

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