Kidney Stones : Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Kidney Stones : Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
Kidney stones - a solid, crystal-array consisting of salts, which in small quantities are part of the normal urine.

stones formed in the kidneys, can be of various sizes - from grains to a sufficiently large structures of complex shape.As a rule, a person is not aware of the presence of the illness until the stones start to move.Coming out of the kidneys, even the tiniest stone causes excruciating pain.

risk group

reasons for the formation of salts and stones fat - excess uric acid or calcium in the blood, called metabolic disorders.The most susceptible to the formation of kidney stones people with hereditary predisposition to the disease.

an important role in this process is the lack of fluid intake of systematic or large loss of fluid.The result is a very concentrated urine, which contributes to the formation of stones.

When kidney infection changes the acidity of urine, having its stagnation.The formation of stones in the kidneys also promotes prolonged bed rest.

Kidney Stones: Symptoms

Usually, the first symptom of the disease - a severe stabbing pain in the diseased kidney.This pain may spread to the groin area, accompanied by nausea and vomiting.

pain lasts as long as the stone does not come out.In this case, the urine can be blood - a consequence of damage to the mucous membrane of the urinary tract.Stone, going down to the bladder, causing severe burning and constant urge to urinate.Out of stone can also be accompanied by chills and fever.

main symptoms:

  • pain in the side or back;
  • pain in the lower abdomen;
  • pain in the groin;
  • vomiting, nausea;
  • burning sensation when urinating.


In the presence of these symptoms should call a doctor immediately or go to the clinic alone.It is particularly important immediate access to a doctor if symptoms are observed on the background of chronic diseases of the urinary system.

When bleeding or fever may require hospitalization.After research will identify methods of treatment, including the mild form of medication and diet.If the stone will continue to grow in size, surgery may be required.

more dangerous kidney stones

  • Kidney stones - a serious disease that in the absence of a proper and timely treatment can lead to kidney failure.
  • Untreated threatened complication: infection of the urinary tract and kidneys, blockage of the urinary tract stones, violation of the outflow of urine.

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