Precocious puberty begins at the age of 7.5 years in girls and 9 years in boys.On average, occurs in one out of 5-10 thousand
Localization in the body of the child of pathological processes that cause early puberty, they are divided into groups.
Central - the true cause puberty, occur most frequently (90%) and with them the process of puberty, although it begins too early, however it occurs naturally, passing all the physiological stage.
True puberty can cause:
Peripheral cause false puberty are
False puberty can cause:
girls has been a rapid increase in height and breast enlargement (it can be asymmetrical), the early appearance of hair in the armpits, pubic and the beginning of the menstrual cycle, the appearance of acne, etc.
Boys celebrated voice changes (breaking), rapid growth, and the size of the genitals, the early appearance of hair on the upper lip, pubic hair and armpits, the appearance of acne.
In rare cases, children have uneven - "partial" - early sexual development, which marks the premature appearance of one of the signs of puberty, and the rest of the development takes place at the usual time (for example, early breaking voice, the boy, or early breast growthgirls)
Sometimes precocious puberty leads to complications:
Typically, diagnosis and treatment of diseases associated with hormonal disorders, engaged in children's endocrinologist.It generally refers patients with suspected premature sexual development on the following types of research:
As a rule, the main therapeutic measures are directed at the underlying disease, which led to premature sexual development (for example, removal of the tumor, the treatment of hydrocephalus, etc.)
Drug correction of elevated levels of sex hormones.This type of treatment is most often carried out when it is impossible to establish the cause of the disease, leading to precocious puberty.For this purpose, typically periodically inject drugs, antagonists of sex hormones to aged normal physiological development.After stopping the injection of these drugs is resumed the process of puberty.
Adapting child to premature puberty is held with the impossibility of eliminating the causes and treatment of the disease, leading to premature sexual development.Of key importance is psychotherapy and child, and his parents, which helps to better understand all the emotional and the mental and physical aspects of the problem.
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