Metabolic syndrome and risk of stroke

Studies show that markers of the metabolic syndrome independently increase the risk of myocardial infarction and stroke.

Metabolic syndrome (MS), or X syndrome, which is a collection of various metabolic disorders and clinical manifestations, is considered one of the most important problems of modern society.

leading feature of the metabolic syndrome is abdominal obesity with the deposition of fat mostly on the abdomen, which is evaluated by body mass index.In addition, allocate additional MS criteria:

  • hypertension - high blood pressure more than 135/85 mm Hg .;
  • insulin resistance, that is a violation of the sensitivity of cells and tissues to insulin, which predisposes to the development of type 2 diabetes;
  • rise in blood triglyceride levels;
  • lowering "good" cholesterol (high density lipoprotein), which prevents the development of atherosclerosis.

combination of obesity and any two other signs suggests MS.

Statistics show that the prevalence of MS is increasing all over the world, but first

of all - in the developed countries, and from 10 to 35%.If earlier it was believed that MS affects mainly adults, pediatricians now faced with an increase in this disease in children and adolescents.

long been known that MS predisposes to the development of a number of serious diseases, including diabetes, atherosclerosis, fatty liver, and others.

Scientists from the University of California (USA) carried out an extensive epidemiological study of MS.Work has shown that the presence of each of the MSs features significantly increases the risk of acute heart diseases and brain.

Details

research

Scientists have analyzed the results of a survey of nearly 10 400 people who participated in the third largest national survey of health and nutrition among Americans aged 20 to 89 years (study NHANESIII).

Experts examined the volunteers for the MS symptoms and asked them in special questionnaires noted prior stroke or myocardial infarction.

As it turned out, MS was present in 24% of those surveyed.Moreover, the presence of MS, according to the researchers doubled the risk of acute circulatory disorders.

great contribution to the development of stroke and heart attack, and also make other symptoms of MS.A high triglyceride level increases the risk by 66%, high blood pressure - 44%, a low level of "good" cholesterol - by 35%, and insulin resistance - by 30%.

Researchers believe the findings are very important.The prevalence of MS with all growing every year.And a leading cause of its development, doctors see a refusal to observe the habits of a healthy lifestyle, namely, proper nutrition, regular physical activity, maintaining a normal body weight.

Doctors warn that this trend is very dangerous, as it increases the risk of widespread proliferation of cardiovascular disease and metabolic disorders.

results of the study of American scientists published in the journal of the American Association of Cardiovascular Disease Circulation.

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