Obstructive sleep apnea - syndrome, which manifests itself in frequent short stops breathing during sleep, which prevents normal sleep and affects the general condition of patients.
Sleep apnea - is one of the most common sleep disorders, according to some reports occurring in 2-4% of the population.However, the incidence of the disease increases to 20-40% in obese people.In this case, weight reduction has become one of the main recommendations for improvement.
Scientists from the University of Crete (Greece) conducted a study of 40 obese patients suffering from obstructive sleep apnea.Twenty of them adhered to the Mediterranean diet.
Mediterranean diet is not only the prevalence of certain dishes and products typical of the Mediterranean cuisine, but also a certain ratio of nutrients: 60% carbohydrate, 30% fat an
In addition, all participants in the experiment were to increase physical activity, which mainly consisted of a daily walk of at least half an hour.
All participants also took CPAP therapy, which involves wearing a mask that automatically provides a constant positive air pressure, so that the airway remains open during sleep.
The researchers observed the participants in the experiment sleep during polysomnography.Monitoring includes several parameters, including the control of brain activity and eye movements.Participants were tested twice: at baseline and six months thereafter.
results of the study showed that the participants adhere to the Mediterranean diet reduced the number of pauses in breathing (apnea) in the fast phase of sleep, which is about a quarter of the duration of a night's sleep.Furthermore, fans of the Mediterranean diet is easier to follow dietary restrictions calories, they tended to be more physical activity, and weight loss occurred at them faster.
results of this experiment showed improvements in one phase of sleep in people with sleep apnea, however, found no overall improvement, or mitigating the severity of the condition.However, scientists hope to discover other advantages of the Mediterranean diet for health in subsequent experiments.
In addition, previous studies have Mediterranean features already shown that following this diet helps reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, Alzheimer's disease and, of course, contributes to the fight against obesity and maintain a healthy weight.
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