Narcissistic personality disorder : symptoms

narcissistic disorder - personality disorder, in which people, sincerely believing himself better than others, needs the admiration and respect of others good.

Narcissistic personality disorder is described as a disorder in which the self-respect and self-esteem brought to the limit.

The International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) narcissistic disorder is not allocated as a separate disease, but falls into the category of other personality disorders.However Guide to Diagnostic and Statistical Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) describes the criteria necessary for a diagnosis of narcissistic personality disorder.

Symptoms

People with narcissistic personality disorder in most cases characterized by the following features:

  • high self-esteem, excessive boastfulness;
  • constant expectation attention and admiration from others;
  • belief that they are better than others in any relationship;
  • exaggeration of their talents, abilities, successes and achievements;
  • hidden vulnerability;
  • setting ourselves un
    realistic, unattainable goals;
  • use others to achieve their goals.

In addition, the symptoms of narcissistic personality disorder may include:

  • fantasies about his own limitless abilities, strength, power, success, beauty;
  • frequent thoughts about their exclusivity and great destiny;
  • opinion of himself as a unique person, which can only be understood as such outstanding people;
  • expectation that other people will fulfill their wishes without any doubt or hesitation;
  • failure to recognize the feelings and expectations of others, indifference towards them, lack of empathy;
  • frequent feelings of envy or belief that others envy them;
  • excessive sensitivity to criticism and insults, including invented;
  • reaction to criticism in the form of anger, shame, or humiliation;
  • arrogance and arrogance towards others.

Treatment

in the diagnosis and treatment of narcissistic personality disorder have certain difficulties associated with the fact that in most cases the patient's disorder does not bother, and others perceived as a feature of human nature.

narcissistic disorder is not treatable drugs, the only available method of treatment - is psychotherapy.

However, psychotherapy and the disease is complicated by the fact that people with narcissistic disorder do not seek help, considering it a shameful sign of weakness.Need other people and help the patient it seems something shameful and humiliating, so he hardly comes in contact with the doctor.

Nevertheless properly conducted therapy can alleviate symptoms disorders and help patients to better adapt to their social environment.

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