Down syndrome - the most common chromosomal abnormality in humans.With her baby is born every seven hundred regardless of gender, race and other characteristics.
There is a prenatal diagnosis of Down syndrome, which allows to suspect a syndrome even in the intrauterine stage.In the case of confirmation of disease is recommended abortion.In this regard, the number of infants with Down's syndrome decreased somewhat 1: 1000.
However, in the world there is another trend: some deliberately left the child, knowing Down's syndrome in him, but apart from this the reason for the termination of pregnancy.
probability of having a child with Down syndrome increases with maternal age and, to a lesser extent, but still depends on the age of the father.
Indian scientists from the University of Mysore
turned out, the older grandmother, the higher the probability of having a child with Down syndrome.Other factors do not affect the probability of Down syndrome in a child: no social factors, no bad habits, no maternal nutrition, no race or region of residence, etc.
Prenatal screening - a survey to help suspected fetal abnormalities (including Down syndrome) during fetal development.
First Screening held at 10-14 weeks of gestation (better - 11-13 minutes), the second - on the 14-20 th week (better - 16-18 minutes).
Held ultrasound study and takes blood from a vein, which defines the levels of certain hormones.
combination of the results of different methods enables the gynecologist to suspect a high probability of the development of the fetus Down's syndrome.In this case, the patient is sent for consultation to the genetics and additional study - amniocentesis or horionbiopsiyu.These studies make it possible to obtain fetal cells and identify them in chromosome set.What they
well known that Down's syndrome is manifested mental underdevelopment, the degree of which depends on many factors, including the form, and Down's syndrome (for mosaicism, for example, the degree of delay is less) and the degree of recovery of the child.
In other words, patients with Down syndrome learning and the application of appropriate techniques can develop intellectually.Such children can learn not only to self-care, but also to read, count and write, are available to them and expertise.Intelligence quotient (IQ) of people with Down syndrome varies from 20 to 75 (the norm is considered IQ greater than 70).
While some patients begin to walk alone to the 4 th year, while others, albeit with effort, develop the curriculum together with ordinary children.Predicting the pace of development of the individual child with Down syndrome at birth is not possible.
Photo: 14-year-old Tamara with Down syndrome
Photo: Conny Wenk Lifestyle Photography - Impressum
his intellectual backwardness of people with Down syndrome to compensate for its stunning sincerity, openness and naivety.Most often this is good-natured, cheerful and positive people.
Children with Down syndrome are very affectionate, obedient, diligent and sensitive, they instantly feel the true attitude to them and do not accept falsehood.These children's parents are often called the "sun" and "ray", illuminating their lives.This nickname reflects radiant ratio of children to the family and life in general.
Socialization of children with Down syndrome contributes to their adaptation.The more they interact with their peers in regular kindergartens or schools, venues and sports sections, the less noticeable lag in the development of better mental and physical development of these children.They themselves willingly seek to communicate, but the healthy children, on the contrary, they were very intolerant, which, of course, is a reflection of traditional attitudes towards "special" people.
If there are sufficient opportunities for activities with children, meeting places "special" families, schools and kindergartens, taking the children with Down syndrome, parents no longer feel their "inferiority" and perceive their child as quite normal.
In Moscow Center for Early Intervention DSU - for families, bringing up a child with Down syndrome.
According Center statistics, in Russia are born every year about 2,500 children with Down syndrome, 85% of them fall into the orphanages: the parents, full of prejudices of these children are unable to develop, discard them.And do not develop, many did not begin to walk and talk in orphanages, children with Down syndrome.
They immediately labeled as "not teachable," and no one is even trying to engage with them, all the important stages of development are neglected.The hopeful fact that 15 years ago these objectors with Down syndrome was 95%.
International experience has shown that children with Down syndrome can develop, only need in special programs.And these programs have been developed and recommended for use, including in Russia, for example, the program of early educational assistance for children with disabilities "Small steps" development (M. Peters, R. Trilor etc.).
Children with Down syndrome do not lag behind in intellectual development in a general sense - they, like ordinary children, have their own strengths and weaknesses.Developed pedagogical techniques to use strengths to develop weak.
Children with Down syndrome are endowed with no less than ordinary children.Many have artistic talent, music (including dancing and singing) and artistic abilities tend to poetry, are successful in sports - and prove it to the Special Olympics.Empathy and the talent of imitation cause their ability to stage.
There are theater companies, all the artists that - with Down syndrome.One example is the simple-minded Theater Moscow
While in Europe, people with Down syndrome quite well socialized, and the first of them already receive higher education in Russia are people largely feel isolated.They were denied access to regular gardens, schools, it is difficult to find a job.In Moscow, with the help of charity man with Down syndrome could get a cook in the cafe - unfortunately, such cases is rare.
Thus, isolating itself from such people, society loses not less than - many of them would be able to apply their talents in such occupations that do not require strong intellectual abilities, but prized qualities of the soul, or the ability to work with his hands.Only public prejudices prevent such people cease to be dependents and to become full members of society and taxpayers.
Typically, the engine of change of public consciousness in relation to children with Down syndrome are the parents of these children, who are united in society and defend the rights of people with developmental disabilities.And these communities also exist in Russia.Perhaps someday their activity will lead to the fact that the very term "Down syndrome" will go out of use, and will be only "special" children - the same people, just with an extra chromosome.
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