disabled person - a person with a physical, mental, sensory or mental disabilities that do not allow it to be fully in society;in other words, its capabilities are limited.
these different restrictions, so there is a division of disability on 1st, 2nd and 3rd group.In addition, disabled children (under 18 years) and the disabled since childhood - it is adults with disabilities, the cause of which arose as a child (under 18 years).
All these groups of citizens - privileged categories, that is, they are subject to exemptions for disabled people.However, the benefits for all different, and they depend both on the degree of disability, and region of residence, as there are regional programs of assistance to disabled.
In this article we will try to orient persons with disabilities on the overall benefits which they are
different types of pensions are provided for facilities in Russia.
Pensioners often wonder that more - work disability pension or social.can not be answered unequivocally.It depends on the length of service and the amount of the taxpayer's deductions to the Pension Fund during the work.
Putting all payments, you can choose the pension that would be profitable - prompt the territorial pension fund.
Later, however, it is useful to monitor the dynamics of the labor and social pensions (known to be indexed on an annual basis, and more than once), so if you want to go back to a more profitable option.
Today, the social pension for disability is:
Social disability pension will increase by 17.1% as of April 1, 2014.In monetary terms, amount to increase from 1.1 to 2.1 thousand. Rubles, depending on the category of citizens.
disabled addition to pensions disabled charged monthly cash payment (EDV), which until April 1, 2014 (indexation will be made after this date) is:
invalids of Great Patriotic War, as well as people with disabilities due to war injuries provided additional monthly material support (DEMO) in the amount of 1,000 rubles.
If as a result of accounting pension, EDV, DEMO and other benefits in the form of, for example, prices for utilities, disability income will still be below the subsistence minimum adopted in the region, by the Federal Social surcharge (FSD) to an amount equal to the minimuma living wage, taken in the disabled persons.
On April 1, 2014 will indexation of payments to people with disabilities (EDV, NSO, DEMO) - they will rise by 5%.
Persons with disabilities are entitled to free medicines (within the approved list), medical devices, health food for children with disabilities, a spa treatment once a year and travel on suburban transport and intercity transportto the place of treatment and back once a year - the so-called set of social services (NSO).
There are nuances in this position.Thus, disabled third group, recognized as the unemployed, pay 50% of the cost of medicines prescribed by a physician.People with disabilities in Group 1, and children with disabilities have the right to get a second ticket to the sanatorium for treatment and free travel for the accompanying person.
disabled person has the right to choose what he prefers to receive - these services or cash equivalent, which currently stands at 839.65 rubles.If you prefer a disabled service, this amount will be deducted from the monthly payments.Refuse can be not only on the whole package at once (medicines, treatment and travel to it), but also separately.
In addition to providing free medicines and directions are provided social services to persons with disabilities, which can be free or paid under the terms of a partial value.
The social services people with disabilities include:
All these services are free of charge, if a disabled person living alone or the income per family member below the subsistence level for the region.There are cases in which social services are provided on a part payment.
invalids useful to know that the social security authorities of the population has the right to provide one-time financial assistance, for example in the event of fire or flooding, in connection with the death of a close relative, robbery, on food or essential goods, expensive medicines, etc..d.Financial assistance is provided in the form of cash payments to no more than once a year.
There are also more specific social services to people with disabilities: the repair of means of rehabilitation, according Sign language interpretation services, the provision, maintenance and veterinary care of guide dogs, etc.
On the issue of social services provided in a particular case, it is possible to consult the territorial social security bureau (social security).Caseworker can visit the disabled at home, if the latter can not go out and live separately from their relatives.
disabled people with reduced mobility, provided social service taxi.This is a paid service, but the cost is much lower than a conventional taxi.The exact price depends on the region of disabled persons, it can be found in the Social Service Centre.
Besides medicines are provided free of charge to disabled rehabilitation equipment:
There are benefits for certain groups of persons with disabilities.For example, visually impaired 1 and 2 groups can not pay for a radio in an apartment if it is registered to them.Register a radio for a disabled child can be when he reaches 5 years of age.
Sighted provides annual cash payment for the maintenance of a guide dog if they have one.
privileges on payment of utility services - discount on payment of utility services in the amount of 50% - is available to all people with disabilities.
Invalids and families in bringing up a child with a disability are entitled to benefits during setting and foremost to improve their living conditions.It is recognized that people with disabilities are entitled to additional living space (in excess of the standards).
Disabled persons have benefits in the preparation of land for the individual building, cottages, garden facilities.Such sites are available to them on a priority basis.
Subjects of the Russian Federation may establish additional housing benefits for people with disabilities and families with disabled children.
Disabilities 1 and 2 groups, disabled children, disabled veterans and the disabled since childhood have privileges for admission to secondary and higher education institutions.They enrolled subject to passing the exams, regardless of the competition.In the extra time to prepare a response time allocated to disabled exam.
All persons with disabilities receive a social scholarship upon successful further training, they are assigned an academic scholarship on the general grounds.
References to release the disabled from the payment for accommodation in a hostel.But listen to them or not, decides the university administration.
In addition, a disabled may receive a one-time financial assistance from the university management and student union.
Secondary education a child with disabilities is also provided by the state - in the form of provision of education (special schools, classes and teachers for home-based learning) or in the form of monetary compensation, if parents teach a child at home alone.
According to the Labour Code, persons with disabilities 1 and 2 groups have the right to a shortened work week - 35 hours at full pay.Disabled people put elongated annual paid leave - 30 days and in addition, workers with disabilities can enjoy the right to a leave without pay in connection with good reason - 60 days.
enterprise can provide its employee with a disability (retirement, for example), financial aid (up to 4000 rubles.), And the assistance is not subject to tax (PIT).
Disabled persons are entitled to a tax deduction.Part of the payments to the disabled by the employer are not taxed - it should take into account the company accountant with payroll.Individual entrepreneurs with disabilities are exempt from the payment of the unified social tax (UST), if the amount of income does not exceed 100 000 during the year.
Disabled persons have the privileges for payment of vehicle tax - the rate of 1 liter.from.to them is reduced by 50% (at a power of up to 150 liters, in some regions, -.., without limitation).
When land tax incentives have been disabled since childhood, disabled people and people with disabilities BOB 1, Group 2, if the land is designed for them: for them, the tax base is reduced by 10 000, which is not taxed.
Property tax individuals do not pay people with disabilities 1 and 2 groups, disabled since childhood.
Disabilities 1 and Group 2 are exempt from payment of state fees when applying to the court and have a 50 percent rebate on notary services.
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