In the middle zone of Russia is one of the most popular allergens - pollen of trees, among which the most allergenic considered birch.
pozdnetsvetuschih Speaking of trees, the most allergic troubles deliver oak, alder and hazel.
On average, in our band flowering lasts from April to May.But every year, depending on how early or late spring, the timing can be shifted to two weeks.Usually, birch allergy peak during the May holidays.This year, the flowering periods, likely to come in the second half of April.
If every spring at the same time you have symptoms of SARS - nasal congestion, redness, itching eyes, malaise - it may have an allergy.Often
There are a number of products to which allergic individuals react in the same way as pollen.This apples, pears, stone fruit (cherries, plums, peaches, etc.).Often the allergic reaction begins with these fruit - there is discomfort when swallowing, itching of the palate.
Children Seasonal allergies often combined with home - to house dust mites.If frequent runny nose in children without fever, there also may be suspected allergic disease.At high concentrations of dust allergy can occur with increasing temperature up to 37,1 - 37,2 ° C.If this is a reaction to pollen, then the temperature will be kept throughout the flowering period.
most reliable method of detecting sensitivity to specific allergens experts consider holding a skin allergy tests.They are made in the autumn, when everything fades, starting approximately from October.
During flowering skin tests are not carried out, but this time you can give blood to specific immunoglobulins.If we compare these two methods, it is more informative are allergy tests.Ideally you should hold both the test and compare the results.
Do not rush to take antihistamines.Of course, when an allergy already covered, the nose is not breathing and itchy throat, medications help relieve symptoms, but not cure.At the same time to maximize the impact of Allergy start taking drugs, doctors recommend two weeks before flowering and once in two weeks after the allergic period.
In addition, it is important to carry out immunization: to identify the allergen, which gives the greatest response, and, starting with the minimum dose and gradually throughout the winter to enter it into the blood in increasing doses.
There is also a year-round support courses.For the treatment of allergies, reducing symptoms and preventing severe manifestations of allergy recommended treatment consistently over three years.Then the patient's immune system gradually produced.
most unpleasant allergy satellite - is the risk of asthma.According to statistics, if the person suffers from allergy within 5-6 years and can not be cured (reception antihistamines are not considered treatment), then the probability that he will develop asthma, is very high - up to 80%.
If you do not conduct a qualitative treatment of allergies, besides the risk of asthma, there is a danger of spreading allergens (household allergens, allergic to wildflowers and weeds, etc.).
Article prepared NI Gevorgyan, MD, a physician allergist-immunologist clinic "Alpha - Health Center", Moscow
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