Computed tomography ( CT) scan of the kidneys and adrenal glands

Computed tomography ( CT) scan of the kidneys and adrenal glands
diagnostic value of CT in the diagnosis of conditions and diseases of the kidneys and adrenal glands, indications and contraindications for its implementation.

Computed tomography (CT) - very informative kidney research method that is most often used to clarify the nature of the pathological process, revealed by other diagnostic tests (ultrasound, excretory urography), as well as for the diagnosis of neoplastic diseases, differential diagnosis.

very important in the study of CT scan of the kidneys of their vessels, which was made possible with the use of intravenous contrast bolus.

Computed tomography - Kidney very informative method of research, which is often carried out in patients to clarify the nature of the pathological process, revealed by other diagnostic tests (ultrasound, excretory urography), as well as for the diagnosis of neoplastic diseases, differential diagnosis.CT is very valuable in the study of renal vessels, which was made possible with the use of in / venous bolus of contrast.

CT is widely used in the diagnosis of kidney stones, renal colic, traumatic injury, and to identify developmental abnormalities, kidney which occur frequently enough.It may be carried out:

  • without contrast,
  • with a /-governmental bolus contrasting - to conduct imaging in different phases of contrast (depending on the purpose of the study and diagnosed pathology),
  • with additional contrast of the bladder, with the study during urination (to identify restrictions of the urethra, its damage)

Indications for CT kidneys:

  • Bulk formation of tumor origin kidney, dynamic control their growth, as well as the detection of recurrence after removal of the kidney.
  • Volume education tumoral nature (simple cysts and parasitic abscess, carbuncle, etc.).
  • Identification of renal artery stenosis and other vascular pathology of this zone
  • Gross hematuria of unknown nature.
  • Renal colic (kidney CT without intravenous contrast).
  • Identify causes ureteral obstruction (CT urography).
  • nonfunctioning kidney.
  • Anomalies of development of kidneys, renal vessels and the urinary tract.
  • Injury kidneys and lumbar area.
  • Inflammatory kidney and perinephric fat.
  • pathology of retroperitoneal lymph nodes.

Contraindications for computed tomography (CT) scan of the kidneys:

  • pregnancy,
  • intolerance to iodine-containing preparations,
  • hyperthyroidism,
  • chronic diseases in the stage of decompensation,
  • mental disorders.

CT adrenal

adrenal CT is one of the leading methods for assessing the status of a small organ located in the retroperitoneal space.Basically, it is used for diagnosis of tumor nature.With the help of three-dimensional reconstruction is possible to achieve the most accurate picture of the adrenal volume.Sometimes CT adrenal gland can be used as an independent diagnostic test, but often held in conjunction with the evaluation of renal status.CT of the adrenal glands may be carried out:

  • without contrast,
  • with a /-governmental bolus contrasting,
  • with bowel opacification via ingestion of diluted iodine-containing drug or a special suspension of barium sulfate for CT (rarely used, mainly for the differential diagnosis)

Indications for computed tomography of the adrenal

  • diagnosis of adrenal tumors, cysts (including parasitic),
  • differential diagnosis of adenoma, adrenal hyperplasia,
  • dynamic monitoring of non-operated patients with the syndrome of Cushing,
  • malignant hypertension of unknown origin,
  • malformations,
  • traumatic injuries, foreign bodies of the lumbar region,
  • lesion retroperitoneal lymph nodes (gematoblastozy, lymphoma, metastatic lesions).

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