Cerebral palsy in children : the nature and causes of

Cerebral palsy in children : the nature and causes of
cerebral palsy (cerebral palsy) - is a group of movement disorders arising in the defeat of the motor systems of the brain.It manifests itself in a lack of central nervous system control of the functioning of muscles, and in some cases, this control is absent.

Specificity of the motor development of children with cerebral palsy

The formation of motor functions in normal development in children observed staging and continuity.

a healthy child sequence maturing brain systems determine the development of the movements themselves, that is to replace one elementary movements of new forms of movements come, but more complex.

For example, to learn to sit, a child must first learn to alternately hold a head, then straighten your back, keep your balance and then hold the pose.

A child with cerebral palsy sequence and pace of maturation violated.Specificity of the motor development of children with cerebral palsy is, above all, in the presence of primitive innate reflex forms of physical activity, not spec

ific to the child's age.

When the normative development of these reflexes are manifested not dramatically.By three months of life, they no longer appear.Their gradual disappearance creates a fertile ground for the development of voluntary movements.

example, tseplyatelny or grasping reflex is activated by touching the hand.The reflex of repulsion based on touching the soles of the feet.Movement characteristic of these reflexes, later extinguished.

For example, the child begins to stretch his hand to the interesting subject, sorts out his arms and moving towards the object under study.This movement begins to form not in the neonatal period, and much later, when the baby interaction with adults.Saving as these reflexes begin to slow down the formation of any motor.

manifestation of these and similar reflections in the second half of the first year of life is a risk of symptoms of motor areas of the cerebral cortex.

In children suffering from cerebral palsy, the effect of the unconditioned reflexes is not quenched.Action pathological reflexes in the first year of life increases, it becomes more resistant to subsequent years.It is difficult to form a voluntary motor acts.

Children with Cerebral Palsy: norm and reality

for children with cerebral palsy is characterized by a very significant delay in the development of motor functions.

If a healthy child begins to hold the head by the 3 months, the child with cerebral palsy seizes this function to 3-5 years.A significant delay is observed in the formation of such motor acts as a turns his back on his side, with a belly to back, from back to belly.

Pose seat formed normally 7-8 months, children with cerebral palsy learn it is only 2-3 years.

Crawling, being rather complicated motor act requiring coordination of movements formed in children with cerebral palsy are also quite late.

Pryamostoyanie healthy children formed to 9-10 months and children with cerebral palsy learn to do so only upon reaching school age.However, there are forms of cerebral palsy, in which this function is not formed at all or its formation very difficult.

Normally, walking the baby begins to form from one year, only a small number of children with cerebral palsy seize this function reaches 4 years.The rest of the children master it later on in life or do not master at all.

even more delayed in time are complex motor acts necessary for self-care at home, learning, gaming activities, etc.

impression is often that the child with cerebral palsy worsens with age.However, this is wrong because ICP itself is not a progressive disease.Such an impression is formed due to the fact that with age, the expected increase in the number of children, however, differences in the development of not let him do what adults expect from him.

Causes of Cerebral Palsy in utero (prenatal)

  • infectious diseases of mother during pregnancy;
  • intoxication;
  • injuries, injuries, including trauma;
  • incompatibility of the mother's blood for Rh factor and blood group;
  • intrauterine hypoxia and asphyxia, etc.

Causes of Cerebral Palsy in childbirth (intrapartum period)

  • birth injuries, including obstetric.;
  • brain hemorrhage;
  • newborn asphyxia, etc.

Causes of cerebral palsy during the first year of life (early postnatal period)

  • neuroinfections.;
  • injury, etc..

greatest importance is attached to the appearance of cerebral palsy during fetal development and birth.Out of every 100 cases, according to statistics, 30 occur in utero, 60 - during childbirth and only 10 account for the first year of a child's life.The major causes of cerebral palsy are considered to asphyxia and birth trauma.

Contributing factors are prematurity and postmaturity and endocrine and cardiovascular diseases of mother.

cerebral palsy is not a hereditary disease, but many scientists say a factor predisposing to it.The frequency of cerebral palsy varies from two to six cases per thousand people.

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