Household dust, and not only - home "ecology" and an allergy

Household dust, and not only - home "ecology" and an allergy

allergy is one of the most common pathological reactions.Number of allergens person daily attack, thousands.At the same time the residents of big cities are at particular risk - man-made air pollution that trigger an allergic reaction, environmental and household allergens - pollen, mold spores, dust - modern man is faced with these allergens every day, from the comfort of your home.

The main types of household allergens

Household dust is the multicomponent pet allergen, encountered even with the maximum cleanliness of the apartment.In one liter of air contains more than half a million of tiny dust particles.And this is understandable: the air of our rooms are not isolated from the external environment, and various microorganisms, tiny particles, slurry, as well as molecules of harmful chemical compounds easily penetrate urban apartments.

In addition, there are allergens that appear directly in the process of human life: it is the

smallest fiber home textiles, upholstery and other interior items, a pair of paint and varnish products used in the room decoration, the waste products of mites, saprophytes that feed on organicresidues, dust, etc. book

Allergens and dry air

In a typical two-bedroom apartment is formed up to 40 kg of dust per year.Given the fact that in one liter of air contains more than half of the microparticles, and the person breathes per day to 12 thousand liters of air - is not difficult to imagine the huge amount of allergen enters the body.

In the heating season the concentration of pollutants increases.In winter, less ventilated rooms and heating systems quickly drain air, which contributes to the rapid spread of allergens.Climbing up into the air, the dust in the air is not dry for long periods settles and inhalation may cause allergic reactions.Particularly strong reaction to the allergens contained in dust, manifested in children.

The most common symptoms of allergies to house dust:

  • sneezing, nasal congestion, mucous discharge from the nose;
  • allergic conjunctivitis, tearing, eye redness, itching and swelling of the eyelids;
  • sore throat, dry irritating cough;
  • wheezing, shortness of breath with symptoms of bronchospasm, asthma attacks;
  • itching and redness of the skin, hives, swelling of the face and the development of angioneurotic edema.

How to deal with household allergens?

  • Clean - the guarantee of health and is not a common phrase!Regular thorough wet cleaning can significantly reduce the risk of allergies to household dust.
  • Humidification helps to significantly reduce the concentration of particulate matter and allergens in the air.In cold climates or bad environmental conditions (for example, if the apartment is located in the city center) - it is essential to equip the room cleaning and humidification systems.
  • greatest number of allergens accumulate in the upholstery of upholstered furniture, mattresses, pillows - this is the most favorite and most inhabited place of house dust mites.That is why allergists recommend changing upholstered furniture every 7-10 years, or drag and drop it and replace the upholstery cleaned regularly with a vacuum cleaner, and young children to buy safe and easy to clean toys.
  • important to wisely use household chemicals and after use, be sure to ventilate the room.
  • When the first signs of an allergy - it is necessary as soon as possible consult a physician and consult with an allergist.

Household dust, and not only - home "ecology" and an allergy

allergy is one of the most common pathological reactions.Number of allergens person daily attack, thousands.At the same time the residents of big cities are at particular risk - man-made air pollution that trigger an allergic reaction, environmental and household allergens - pollen, mold spores, dust - modern man is faced with these allergens every day, from the comfort of your home.

The main types of household allergens

Household dust is the multicomponent pet allergen, encountered even with the maximum cleanliness of the apartment.In one liter of air contains more than half a million of tiny dust particles.And this is understandable: the air of our rooms are not isolated from the external environment, and various microorganisms, tiny particles, slurry, as well as molecules of harmful chemical compounds easily penetrate urban apartments.

In addition, there are allergens that appear directly in the process of human life: it is the smallest fiber home textiles, upholstery and other interior items, a pair of paint and varnish products used in the room decoration, the waste products of mites, saprophytes that feed on organicresidues, dust, etc. book

Allergens and dry air

In a typical two-bedroom apartment is formed up to 40 kg of dust per year.Given the fact that in one liter of air contains more than half of the microparticles, and the person breathes per day to 12 thousand liters of air - is not difficult to imagine the huge amount of allergen enters the body.

In the heating season the concentration of pollutants increases.In winter, less ventilated rooms and heating systems quickly drain air, which contributes to the rapid spread of allergens.Climbing up into the air, the dust in the air is not dry for long periods settles and inhalation may cause allergic reactions.Particularly strong reaction to the allergens contained in dust, manifested in children.

The most common symptoms of allergies to house dust:

  • sneezing, nasal congestion, mucous discharge from the nose;
  • allergic conjunctivitis, tearing, eye redness, itching and swelling of the eyelids;
  • sore throat, dry irritating cough;
  • wheezing, shortness of breath with symptoms of bronchospasm, asthma attacks;
  • itching and redness of the skin, hives, swelling of the face and the development of angioneurotic edema.

How to deal with household allergens?

  • Clean - the guarantee of health and is not a common phrase!Regular thorough wet cleaning can significantly reduce the risk of allergies to household dust.
  • Humidification helps to significantly reduce the concentration of particulate matter and allergens in the air.In cold climates or bad environmental conditions (for example, if the apartment is located in the city center) - it is essential to equip the room cleaning and humidification systems.
  • greatest number of allergens accumulate in the upholstery of upholstered furniture, mattresses, pillows - this is the most favorite and most inhabited place of house dust mites.That is why allergists recommend changing upholstered furniture every 7-10 years, or drag and drop it and replace the upholstery cleaned regularly with a vacuum cleaner, and young children to buy safe and easy to clean toys.
  • important to wisely use household chemicals and after use, be sure to ventilate the room.
  • When the first signs of an allergy - it is necessary as soon as possible consult a physician and consult with an allergist.

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