Getting in the human body, nitrates are rapidly absorbed into the blood and become an extremely dangerous poison.If poisoning nitrate nitric acid compound reacted with oxyhemoglobin in blood (main source of oxygen for the body), resulting in a methemoglobin, which is unable to bind and to bring oxygen to the tissues.
All this leads to methemoglobinemia and oxygen starvation of the body (hypoxia).When the content of methemoglobin in the blood about 15% of the first symptoms of poisoning by nitrates - lethargy, drowsiness.When the content of more than 50% of the death occurs from asphyxiation.
first nitrate poisoning symptoms appear after about 1-6 hours after intake.
It should be understood that t
In most cases, symptoms of poisoning by nitrates present the following:
When the first symptoms of poisoning nitrate is an urgent need to take action: without urgent intervention the condition can be fatal.
For adult lethal dose of nitrates is from 8 to 14 g, acute poisonings occur when the body is from 1 to 4 g of nitrate.
man showed symptoms of poisoning with nitrates should immediately clear the stomach - at home you can do so by giving to drink several glasses of pale pink solution of potassium permanganate and induce vomiting by artificial means.
It is advisable to repeat this manipulation several times.You can give a laxative.As a means that can help in relieving the symptoms of poisoning by nitrates, using activated charcoal, sweet tea with lemon, sauerkraut, vitamin C, glucose.
After first aid is required to call an ambulance.Probably, such a patient will need urgent hospitalization.
best measure to prevent nitrate poisoning is the use of nitrate - the device for the quantitative measurement of nitrates in the products - with the purchase of fruits and vegetables.Also, the nitrate content in the products is reduced when cleaning, soaking, cooking.
nitrate effect on the body can be reduced by regularly eating certain foods and vitamins, such as:
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