Viral hepatitis : important symptoms

Viral hepatitis : important symptoms
Viral hepatitis - a liver cell damage a virus belonging to the agents of the disease.Traditionally they represent letters of the alphabet: A, B, C, D and so on.But in essence, each kind of viral hepatitis - a distinct disease with a specific mode of transmission of the pathogen, specific course of infection and possible complications of varying severity.

Viral Hepatitis: Symptoms

Symptoms in different types of viral hepatitis may be similar, especially in the early stages of the disease.These include:

  • jaundice;
  • fever;
  • general weakness and malaise;
  • pain in the right upper quadrant.

Jaundice - the most common symptom of liver disease, which is shown the yellow staining of the skin, sclera of eyeballs and visible mucous membranes (eg, gums).

cause of jaundice in hepatitis is the liver function of cells - hepatocytes, which cease to chemically bind the pigment bilirubin, translating it into a non-toxic form.The pigment accumulates in the blood and gives a yellowish tinge of the skin.When urine

gets brown hue this state ( "color of beer"), as cal, conversely, discolored.

Jaundice may be absent with moderate hepatitis of any kind if the virus does not cause mass destruction of liver cells.

Another common symptom of viral hepatitis - increase in body temperature.It is related to the human immune system reaction to the introduction of the pathogen in the body.

general weakness and malaise occur in virtually all patients with viral hepatitis.This symptom of hepatitis associated with the violation of one of the main functions of the liver - the ability to neutralize toxic substances.They accumulate in the blood of an infected person and cause a condition similar to food poisoning.Also in patients with hepatitis B may experience nausea, vomiting, and violations of the chair.

cause of pain in the right upper quadrant of hepatitis is the tensile membrane of the liver due to inflammation and swelling of the body.Depending on the severity of the condition, disease stage and individual susceptibility pain symptom can range from a feeling of heaviness and discomfort in the upper quadrant to the long aching pain or even severe attacks, chained to the bed.

Types of hepatitis

further development of the disease depends on the type of virus causing hepatitis.Thus, hepatitis A, which is a food infection (the virus enters the body due to the consumption of contaminated food and water and poor personal hygiene), usually ends in recovery of the patient.An illness produces lifelong immunity against hepatitis A.

Hepatitis B is transmitted through sexual contact and through blood - the reuse of syringes and surgical instruments, from the mother to the fetus during pregnancy, and in other ways.At the present level of development of medicine possible cure for hepatitis B, but a favorable outcome is possible not always.Often, the disease becomes chronic and accompanies the patient throughout his life.

Hepatitis C is also transmitted through blood and after an initial period of manifestation becomes chronic.The danger of this variety of viral hepatitis - in its carcinogenicity (in patients subsequently often develop liver cancer).

Other Viral Hepatitis (D, E, F, as well as damage to the liver caused by a variety of viruses) are less common and have their own characteristics of the pathogen transmission and course of the infection process.

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