Facts about lumbago

Lumbago (lumbar backache), as lumbodynia, refers to a non-specific pain, the causes of which are quite numerous.

lumbago clinical picture is quite typical: sudden pain, penetrating, shooting, lasting for a few seconds, minutes or hours, often as a result of an awkward movement.

pain is localized across the lower back can be given in the iliac region, buttocks, increases with movement, decreases in supine position.

On examination, there are asymmetric tonic stress the superficial and deep muscles of the loin.The patient takes a forced posture to reduce the intensity of unpleasant sensations.

first attack is usually the shortest.In the event of repeated attacks tend to have chronic pain.

Causes pain

mechanisms of acute pain in the lower back are quite diverse:

  • local pain arising in the compression of the sensory nerve endings in fractures, breaks, the tension;
  • reflected pain that occurs at rupture of abdominal aortic aneurysm, penetration of gastric ulcer or duodenal ulcer, pathological proce
    sses in the retroperitoneal space (tumor, hemorrhage), pancreatic diseases, inflammatory bowel diseases, gynecological diseases, incorrect position of the uterus;
  • radicular pain resulting from herniated discs, osteoarthritis, osteochondrosis, ankylosing spondylitis, and epidural abscess;
  • pain caused by muscle spasm, which can be a cause of various diseases of the spine, or psychogenic factors.

When different diseases acute back pain combined with other symptoms, and may not be accurate due to physical overexertion, and that allows for differential diagnosis, to identify the true source of pain, to identify risk factors for life-threatening diseases.

Treatment

essence of therapeutic measures is reduced not only to relieve pain, but also to ensure the conditions for a course of rehabilitation, prevention of possible chronic pain, prevention of relapse for the early restoration of normal activity and disability.

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