Brain Cyst : it

Brain Cyst
brain cyst is a hollow (volume) education, limited by the periphery of the shell and the inside filled with liquid contents, located in brain structures.

main types of cysts

brain Due to the fact that the shells of the cysts may include various structures and their contents are generally the same - CSF, the following types of cysts.

  • arachnoid cyst , occur between the arachnoid (arachnoid) membranes of the brain.

They are more common in boys and young men may be congenital or appear after infectious and inflammatory diseases.With an increase in pressure inside the cyst, it begins to compress adjacent brain areas with the appearance of characteristic symptoms.

  • Colloid cysts , occurring in utero, at the stage of formation of the brain.

Often, this cyst is not an effect throughout their lives and is a random finding in brain research on any other occasion, for example about the fresh traumatic brain injury.

But in some cases, the cyst becomes an obstacle movement of cerebrospinal fluid causin

g hydrocephalus (water on the brain), the development of brain herniation that can lead to death.

  • dermoid cysts , formed at the beginning of intrauterine development of the embryo.

They often include the epidermis with hair follicles, sebaceous glands, and other structures of the same undifferentiated period of development.These cysts sometimes suddenly begin to grow rapidly, so they try to remove (if possible) to avoid the development of serious complications.

  • pineal (epiphyseal) cysts forming in the pineal gland (epiphysis).

They can lead to a variety of violations of metabolic processes in the body, loss of vision, encephalitis, hydrocephalus and has a number of serious consequences.

main manifestations cysts brain

Symptoms cysts depends on their localization, the growth rate and is characterized by general and specific manifestations.

Common manifestations include:

  • headache, bloating and / or pulsation in the head;
  • dizziness, impaired coordination, nausea, vomiting;
  • occurrence of tinnitus, hearing loss naarastayuschaya;
  • visual impairment, blindness;
  • trembling hands, hyperkinesis, convulsive seizures and varying degrees of severity, paresis and paralysis, skin sensitivity disorders and other neurological disorders;
  • sleep disturbances, periodic loss of consciousness, the emergence of hallucinations, etc.

Causes of brain cysts

  • Violations of fetal development, such as choroid plexus cysts, which may be a consequence of the transferred infection during pregnancy, such as herpes.
  • Dystrophic and degenerative disorders in the brain leading to brain tissue specific substitution cystic such cysts in newborns that may be solitary (single), or multiple.
  • Generic and lifetime of brain injury.
  • Brain Injury (including generic).
  • acute cerebrovascular accident arising, for example subependymal cysts, occurring in infants in violation of cerebral microcirculation, which leads to acute hypoxia of the brain.

Basic principles of treatment of brain cysts

Currently, to clarify the location and extent of cystic processes involved in it adjacent brain structures determine the causes of the formation of cysts using magnetic resonance imaging, angiography of brain vessels, computed tomography with contrast and withouthe, positron emission tomography, electroencephalography, echoencephalography and many other methods of instrumental studies.

small in size, stable (non-growing) cysts often do not require treatment, while dynamic cysts need of therapy, which can be of several types.

  • Conservative treatment of brain cysts - drug, aimed at addressing the causes that led to the formation of cysts.This preparations improving microcirculation and restoring cerebral circulation, drugs, promote the resorption of adhesions, as well as anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antiviral, immunomodulatory agents.
  • Surgical treatment - this is the surgical removal of cysts endoscopically, through a craniotomy, by grafting of cysts, etc.

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