The study of memory deaf people is essential for psychology and pedagogy, because on the basis of these studies we can conclude about the degree of influence the primary defect (hearing and speech function) on the development of cognitive sphere of children - memory.
Under memory in psychology to understand a person's ability, which allows it to retain past experiences and play it back later, or returning to the conscious sphere of the individual.
change the way memory allocation and causality, increased storage space and reproducible data, the memory of the involuntary becomes arbitrary at different stages of human mental development.
All types of memory is conventionally divided into three groups.
Motor (motor) memory enables a person to memorize the motor skills (walking, writing, eating with a spoon or fork).
Emotional memory contributes to the preservation of feelings and emotions that people associated with certain situations.This type of memory is of great importance in the formation of the human person, as the foundation of its spiritual and moral development.
semantic (verbal and logical) memory involves remembering words, sentences, concepts, language, texts, etc.
playback form is closely related to the degree of development of human speech function.The weaker developed speech, the man is more difficult to reproduce the meaning of what he remembered.
The image memory is directly related to sensory organs that transmit information about the person the world around him.
There are five types of image memory in accordance with the number of senses: auditory, visual, tactile, gustatory and tactile.Typically, these types of memory people have developed unevenly, in varying degrees, one of them is predominant.
arbitrary memory is closely related to the will, it requires a serious effort to remember.
involuntary memory does not require willpower to remember, everything happens as if by itself, does not need special techniques to store information.
Involuntary memory is preceded by any person in the process of memory formation.However involuntarily people remember only what is directly related to their activity or person.
Short-term and long-term memory - the two types of memory are defined by retention time of the received knowledge.
Short-term memory has a life saving information from several minutes to several hours.It is designed to play just the events, describing perceived objects or phenomena.
After flowing a certain time period a person can not share experiences, information in his memory almost disappears.
Long-term memory involves the preservation of knowledge for the future, the information has personal significance for humans.
RAM is intended to store information during the period of any activity, operation.
When hearing loss affects all of the above types of memory.
However, special systematic training of deaf children have the opportunity to improve the ability to learn and play, not only in the short term, but also to postpone the information in long-term memory.
To organize systematic training and development of memory is not enough school education in this process must involve the parents of a deaf child.
to this family should know the features imaginative, objective memory formation verbal logical memory and the ways of development of verbal speech as the basis for memory and thinking.
Psychological studies consider the following features when memory deafness:
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