there are many forms (over 28), it can be a symptom of another disease.The most common ordinary ichthyosis.Sometimes ichthyosis linked to X-chromosome (recessive) that affects only males, Harlequin ichthyosis (congenital), lamellar ichthyosis, ichthyosiform erythroderma, Darier's disease.
Perpetrators ichthyosis - mutations or disorders the expression of genes coding for various forms of keratin (depending on the type of disease).The biochemical mechanism of these phenomena is still not completely deciphered.
This patient is disturbed absorption of vitamin A, reduces the function of the sweat glands, and manifestations of ichthyosis causes excessive production of keratin restructured along with the slowing rejection horny layer of the epidermis.
can not be completely cured, but can achieve stable remission.First of all necessary vitamins A, E, B, C and niacin.They are used in the courses of ambulatory or hospital.To soften the flakes need lipotropic (with lipamidom and vitamin U).
used keratolytic agent (propylene glycol, glycerol and lactic acid) and retinoids (vitamin A and its analogs).In the case of long-term use the latest need medical control, since it is possible toxic effect on the body.
In some cases, dermatological agents is not enough.In congenital ichthyosis immediately begin hormone therapy to normalize the state, instilled into the eyes of an oil solution of retinol acetate, if there ectropion.Sometimes it is necessary to adjust the lack of thyroid function and the immune system.
to the skin did not dry or crack, patients need to constantly moisturize it.To do this, first of all, necessary with the addition of the recommended bath doctor means (potassium permanganate salts, starch, vitamin A) and moisturizers.
also used ultraviolet irradiation, heliotherapy and thalasso, spa treatment with sulfide and carbon dioxide baths, aromatic retinoids.
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