Crimean hemorrhagic fever (Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, the Central Asian hemorrhagic fever) - a viral disease carried by ticks Hyalomma childbirth, Dermacentor and Ixodes, manifested hemorrhagic rash.
infection causative agent of the disease is a virus of the family Bunyaviridae.Like other fever, tick-borne Crimean hemorrhagic fever is detected from May to August.
natural reservoirs of infection are the squirrels, wild mice, rabbits and hedgehogs.Accordingly, and with an infected tick can be found in the habitat of these animals - in pastures, meadows, forest-steppe areas of southern Russia and some African countries.
When traveling it is recommended to get vaccinated against Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever.
incubation period (from the date of the bite to onset of symptoms) ranges from 1 to 14
for Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever is characterized by the existence of predgemorragicheskogo period (before the rash appears), which usually lasts 3-4 days.At this time, the patient feels weakness, headaches, muscle and joint pain, rarely - acute pain in the calf muscles, dizziness.
appearance of red-purple spots (purpura) on the skin and mucous membranes marks the height of the disease and the onset of bleeding (gastrointestinal, uterine, nasal).May start bleeding gums, conjunctiva of the eye, develop hemoptysis, vomiting on the background of abdominal pain in the right side and in the lumbar region.blood pressure drops due to loss of blood.
Subsequently the disease may be supplemented by sepsis, pneumonia and pulmonary edema, acute renal failure, and thrombophlebitis.If untreated, mortality Crimean hemorrhagic fever ranges from 2 to 50%.
to conduct a series of diagnostic virological and serological tests.According to its manifestations Crimean haemorrhagic fever similar to many other diseases, hemorrhagic syndrome manifested: other hemorrhagic fever, sepsis, leptospirosis, etc.
As with other viral fevers, specific drug against the virus Crimean hemorrhagic fever does not exist.All treatment is aimed at to support the patient and give him a chance to survive the disease.
disease is extremely serious and contagious, so it should be treated only in a hospital setting.Patients are placed in a separate box.People who communicate with them, introduce specific immunoglobulin derived on the basis of serum have been ill individuals.
Today Crimean hemorrhagic fever is treated with timely treatment to 100%.
in different household situations, sometimes there are moments that lead to various injuries, including burns to occupy a leading position.In th...
From Raynaud's syndrome suffers 3-5% of the population.Women experiencing the symptoms more often than men.The disease manifests more often in y...
most serious thermal burns are painless, involve all layers of the skin and lead to irreversible changes in the affected tissues.Following them ...