Crimean hemorrhagic fever

Crimean hemorrhagic fever
Crimean haemorrhagic fever - a viral disease transmitted by the bite of ticks and detectable in the southern part of Russia.

Crimean hemorrhagic fever (Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, the Central Asian hemorrhagic fever) - a viral disease carried by ticks Hyalomma childbirth, Dermacentor and Ixodes, manifested hemorrhagic rash.

Crimean haemorrhagic fever: the way

infection causative agent of the disease is a virus of the family Bunyaviridae.Like other fever, tick-borne Crimean hemorrhagic fever is detected from May to August.

natural reservoirs of infection are the squirrels, wild mice, rabbits and hedgehogs.Accordingly, and with an infected tick can be found in the habitat of these animals - in pastures, meadows, forest-steppe areas of southern Russia and some African countries.

When traveling it is recommended to get vaccinated against Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever.

Crimean haemorrhagic fever: symptoms

incubation period (from the date of the bite to onset of symptoms) ranges from 1 to 14

days.The disease begins with a sharp rise in temperature (up to 39-400S), which decreases the appearance of the characteristic rash and haemorrhagic 1-2 days rise again.It turns out it is typical for this disease "humped" temperature curve.

for Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever is characterized by the existence of predgemorragicheskogo period (before the rash appears), which usually lasts 3-4 days.At this time, the patient feels weakness, headaches, muscle and joint pain, rarely - acute pain in the calf muscles, dizziness.

appearance of red-purple spots (purpura) on the skin and mucous membranes marks the height of the disease and the onset of bleeding (gastrointestinal, uterine, nasal).May start bleeding gums, conjunctiva of the eye, develop hemoptysis, vomiting on the background of abdominal pain in the right side and in the lumbar region.blood pressure drops due to loss of blood.

Subsequently the disease may be supplemented by sepsis, pneumonia and pulmonary edema, acute renal failure, and thrombophlebitis.If untreated, mortality Crimean hemorrhagic fever ranges from 2 to 50%.

diagnosis of Crimean hemorrhagic fever

to conduct a series of diagnostic virological and serological tests.According to its manifestations Crimean haemorrhagic fever similar to many other diseases, hemorrhagic syndrome manifested: other hemorrhagic fever, sepsis, leptospirosis, etc.

Treatment of Crimean hemorrhagic fever

As with other viral fevers, specific drug against the virus Crimean hemorrhagic fever does not exist.All treatment is aimed at to support the patient and give him a chance to survive the disease.

disease is extremely serious and contagious, so it should be treated only in a hospital setting.Patients are placed in a separate box.People who communicate with them, introduce specific immunoglobulin derived on the basis of serum have been ill individuals.

Today Crimean hemorrhagic fever is treated with timely treatment to 100%.

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