Chemotherapy : the consequences and effect

Chemotherapy : the consequences and effect
Chemotherapy - a cancer drug treatment specifically for this purpose drugs designed to stop the growth, reproduction and subsequent destruction of malignant neoplastic cells.

Unfortunately, the vast majority of traditional chemotherapy drugs have side effects, the severity of which is still weakening, or even stops completely after the end of chemotherapy.

particularly active on chemotherapy responding cells and tissues that have a high potential for regeneration: the epithelium of the mucous membranes and the hair follicles, blood cells, organs of the reproductive system (ovaries in women and testes in men), some endocrine glands (thyroid, adrenalsand others).

Nevertheless, current treatment of cancer is inconceivable without chemotherapy.Moreover, in developed countries there is a tendency to the predominance of medical methods of treatment of surgical interventions due to earlier and better diagnosis of primary cancer pathology and the development of a new generation of chemotherapy.

At the heart of their actions are molecular biological, genetic and immunologic mechanisms that enable to selectively affect only the tumor cell, much less affecting healthy tissue.

And these chemotherapy drugs are already widely used in cancer centers and clinics in Russia, so do not always perceive proposal with hostility by the oncologist to conduct one or more courses of chemotherapy.

effects of chemotherapy

In some cases, if the tumor is detected early, it is possible to achieve a complete cure.This chemotherapy may precede or completing a combined treatment including surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy.

This is called neoadjuvant (prior) or adjuvant chemotherapy (final treatment) chemotherapy.

Their essence is to reduce the volume of tumor prior to surgery or accidental destruction of remaining in the body after surgery cancer cells.

In those cases when you can not achieve a complete cure, chemotherapy allows to affect tumor growth, slow down its growth and metastasis formation.

In other cases, when the tumor can not be cured or has already given numerous metastases, chemotherapy is used as a palliative (auxiliary) treatment, which helps inhibit the growth of tumor and its metastasis, development of complications, thereby improving the quality of life of cancer patients.

Many patients and their families interested in what is guided by the doctor for each patient individually selecting one or more chemotherapeutic agents and methods of the course of therapy.

specialist Choice often allows for:

  • histological (tissue) type of cancer and the specific impact on her medication (drugs have relatively universal, have focused on the impact on just one or two types of tumors);
  • held there before chemotherapy, and how effective it was, what were the side effects from the use of chemotherapy;
  • accessibility for patient treatment (hospital) for one or more full courses of therapy;
  • presence of other health problems, the presence of concomitant diseases, allergic reactions, immune status, etc.

Where and how to spend

chemotherapy Chemotherapy is always done under the supervision of a physician, but may take place in a hospital or in an outpatient setting.All depends on the condition of the patient, the form used chemotherapy (injection, a tablet, applicator, etc.), the treatment regimen and patient response to therapy.

often conducted several courses (cycles) of chemotherapy reception that allows the body to recover from the patient during the breaks (they can be from a few days to several months).This is not recommended to skip chemotherapy sessions prescribed by the doctor, in extreme cases, such as severity of side effects, the doctor will change the treatment regimen and may appoint a needed break, or replace one chemotherapy drug to another.

How patients feel during chemotherapy

Almost never it is impossible to accurately predict what side effects may be an individual patient.All depends on the individual tolerability prescribers, health condition of the patient before the start of chemotherapy, dosage used drugs and their combinations.

Most often patients during and after chemotherapy feel weakness, nausea, severe fatigue, dizziness.After some time, can occur diarrhea, abdominal pain, rapid heartbeat, drop in blood pressure, sweating, chilliness.

Over time may be violated appetite, taste preferences, the patient may lose weight, there is a dry skin, brittle nails, some hair loss is possible.But it stops after the end of chemotherapy, and hair grow again.

possible sleep disturbance, irritability, emotional lability background, hypochondriacal and depressive tendencies.

Many patients during the course of chemotherapy are in daylight or normal hospital, taking sick leave.But some can be treated on an outpatient basis, while continuing to work or study, but also by introducing certain restrictions on their way of life.

This can be:

  • individual preparation for the session of chemotherapy, including maintenance and delivery of patient home after a session of chemotherapy;
  • planning their work and other cases for 1-2 days after the session;
  • bed rest and specific diet on the day of treatment and after it.

is also necessary to discuss in advance with your doctor-chemotherapist the possibility of receiving other traditional products for you, such as hypertension, diabetes, degenerative disc disease and other chronic diseases.

should not be to make a decision on the admission of additional OTC drugs issue: dietary supplements, vitamins, herbal remedies, antioxidants, antipyretics, analgesics, remedies for heartburn, and many others.They can influence the effect of chemotherapy and / or lead to undesirable effects.

How is the effect of chemotherapy

No side effects or their presence is not a criterion for the effectiveness of the treatment.For an objective assessment of changes in the patient's doctor prescribes a certain passage of analysis and instrumental examinations (x-ray, ultrasound, computed tomography and others).

also important for the doctor an accurate knowledge of the dynamics of general health symptoms, the appearance of changes in the tumor, etc.Independently, it is impossible to stop chemotherapy on its own initiative.This can result in unpredictable and more intense tumor growth.

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