Facts about dementia

Facts about dementia
scientists predict that in connection with the global aging population of the planet in the coming decades, the rapid growth of dementia patients.The doubling will occur every 20 years.Currently there are about 36 million people with dementia.Annually recorded about 8 million new cases.By 2050, the number of dementia patients will reach more than 100 million people.Their care will need money, very heavy on the budget of many countries.

Financial facts

sum of the costs of treatment and care for dementia patients in the world is $ 604 billion. This figure is comparable with the budgets of countries such as Poland and Saudi Arabia, and approximately 1% of global GDP.

high cost of caring for dementia patients - a threat even for the budget of the richest countries.Even today, these costs are much higher than other medical expenses.For example, in the UK every year for dementia nursing spent £ 23 billion.

This figure is equal to the amount that is allocated to for cancer nursing (£ 12 billion), people

with cardiovascular disease (£ 8 billion) and stroke patients (£ 5 billion).A similar pattern is observed in Sweden.

In developed countries, about 50% of the financial burden of care for dementia patients falls on family members, 35% - in the service of social protection, and 15% - on the health system.The difference in means allocated by different countries, is enormous: in poor countries - from $ 868 per patient per year in the developed - up to $ 32865.In Russia, as in most developing countries, government support is minimal.The main burden falls on the patient's family members.

Large-scale studies in Russia have not yet been conducted.However, according to various estimates, in our country live from 1200 thousand. Up to 1800 thousand. Patients with dementia.Of these, a maximum of 3% of people receiving treatment antidementnymi drugs - one is too expensive, while others simply do not know.

at 1800 thousand. People with dementia who live in the territory of the Russian Federation, more than 700 thousand. People have moderate to severe dementia and in need of constant care.At the same time in Russia only 226 th. Seats in institutions of social care for the elderly and disabled adults.

But really on the proportion of patients with dementia is not more than 10% of these places (just over 20 thousand.), Since they are mainly reserved for patients with schizophrenia, manic-depressive psychosis, cerebral palsy, alcoholism and other addictions,organic CNS disorders, hereditary diseases, etc.

Thus, at present, only one of 36 patients with moderate to severe dementia may be placed in institutions of social care for the elderly and disabled, so the main burden of caring for such patients in Russia rests on the shoulders of relatives.In the US, about 50% of people with dementia receive expert assistance on the basis of specialized medical institutions, where both live until the end of life.

Facts of Life

Dementia today - is not only a family drama, it's a national problem.According to the survey, one in five Russians anyway faced with this phenomenon among their relatives, friends, acquaintances, colleagues.

maximum possible brain are achieved in an average of 22 years and saved for several years.However, by the age of 30 brain capabilities begin to decline.Such a conclusion is made professor at the University of Virginia, Timothy Solthaus on the basis of a seven-year study, which was attended by about 2 thousand. Subjects between the ages of 18 to 60 years.

research allowed to argue that some cognitive disorders begin in healthy educated people in the 20-30 years.In particular, it concerns the speed and accuracy of thought, as well as the efficiency of the spatial imagination.Therefore, the event (including therapeutic) for aging compensation must begin long before the onset of old age.Later, at about the age of 37, revealed the first decline in jobs in the memory.

Alzheimer's disease begins to develop in the 20 years before the first symptoms manifest themselves in the cognitive field.

brain exercises are also necessary, as well as for bodyweight exercises.It is useful to do the work in the garden, dancing and even cleaning, oral assume crossword puzzles, attend lectures, concerts and museums, learn a foreign language.And some observations suggest that people with a wide range of communication better preserve cognitive function (in the first place - the memory) than unsociable people.

separate issue - the influence of marital status on the risk of dementia.According to an article published in the British Medical Journal, marriage protects people from developing Alzheimer's disease in old age.

The study was conducted by researchers from Sweden and Finland, who watched a group of 2 thousand people (average age - 50 years at the first examination)..On average, the risk of dementia for single people was higher than 2 times.But the most impressive statistics for people widowed in middle age and left alone in old age, - increased risk of dementia for them 7 times.

In the list of the ten major causes of Alzheimer's disease mortality (the leading cause of dementia in Western countries) - the only disease that still does not give in prevention and treatment.

US analysis of the causes of death of the population for the period from 2000 to 2008 showed a steady decline in mortality from all common diseases: HIV / AIDS (29%), stroke (20%), heart disease (13%), prostate cancer(-8%), breast cancer (3%).During the same period, deaths from Alzheimer's disease increased by 66%.

Rating Scale own state

Answer the extent to which each of the 24 issues included in the questionnaire, is manifested in your daily life.

Rate answer on a four-system: 0 - never, 1 - rarely, 2 - sometimes, 3 - often 4 - very often.

1. I forget phone numbers

2. I forget what and where to put

3. Looking up from the book, I can not find a place that read

4. I need to make a list, so that nothing is forgotten

5. I forget appointments

6. I forget that planned to do on the way home

7. I forget the names of old friends

8. I find it hard to concentrate

9. it's hard to summarize the content of television broadcasts

10. Inot recognize familiar people

11. I find it difficult to understand the meaning of what is said around

12. I quickly forget the names of people with whom Seeking

13. I forget what day of the week

14. When someonesays, I can not concentrate

15. I double-check whether the stove

16. Is the door closed and turned off I write with mistakes

17. I am easily distracted

18. Before the new thing I need to instruct several times

19. I find it hard to concentrate when I read

20. I immediately forget what I said

21. I find it difficult to decide

22. I do everything very slowly

23. My head is empty

24. II forget what day it is

Add up your score.If the total score above 42, it is assumed the presence of cognitive impairment and you is address to doctor .

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