Dysmorphophobia : Risk Factors

The causes of BDD, as well as other mental disorders include a variety of factors.

Dysmorphophobia - a mental disorder associated with a distorted view of their appearance, and excessive concern the defects and shortcomings of his body.

dysmorphophobia develops, usually in adolescence and young adulthood, a period when related to their appearance the most critical and important.

many factors can affect the development of BDD, including the genetic, psychological and social.

Genetic and biological factors

According to some scientists, the development of BDD may be related to an imbalance of neurotransmitters in the brain, in particular the decrease in serotonin levels.

This theory is supported by BDD effectiveness of treatment with the help of antidepressants such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors.Furthermore, a certain value may be imbalance and other neurotransmitters, such as dopamine and GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid).

There is also a genetic predisposition to the development of bo

dy dysmorphia.In 20% of patients with this disorder have at least one close relative having the disease symptoms.

However, genetic predisposition is not a major risk factor in the development of mental disorders.In addition, there is a theory which says that BDD is associated with the development of the visual information processing disorders.

Risk factors for the development of BDD concerns and the presence of other mental disorders.While dysmorphophobia contributes to the development of social phobia and depression, increased risk of BDD in people suffering from generalized anxiety disorder and obsessive-compulsive syndrome.

Psychological factors

presence of a genetic predisposition does not predetermine the development of the disorder, but some of the psychological effects can serve as a trigger and lead to BDD.

These psychological factors include, for example, external criticism of shortcomings on the part of people around them, ridicule and teasing.

Also, important is the style of upbringing: in families where special attention is paid to external data and human beauty is paramount, the risk of developing BDD increases significantly.

Social factors

ideals of beauty that exist in society and promoted by the media, may also have an impact on a person predisposed to dysmorphia.

comparing their appearance with the model ideal, typical for this time and society, and dissatisfaction with the result, may lead to the discovery in his flaws and attempts to get rid of them.Thus, social factors may also be a trigger in the development of disease.

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