Dizziness with cervical osteochondrosis

Dizziness with cervical osteochondrosis
Causes and mechanisms of vertigo with cervical osteochondrosis, various types of dizziness, as well as diagnosis and treatment.

Dizziness is one of the most common symptoms of dysfunction of the vestibular apparatus, associated cervical degenerative disc disease.

causes and mechanisms of vertigo with cervical osteochondrosis

cause of vestibular disorders, and in particular, and dizziness, is a combination of three components - the vascular, muscular and articular feeling and the pain factor with a predominance of some of them.

For example, violation of motion in the cervical spine joints gives rise to abnormal nerve impulses (not available in the standard), going to the vestibular system and cerebellum.

On the other hand, the authorities in the affected side, and so enough enriched with oxygen and nutrients as a result of impaired circulation.

All this contributes to the subjective feeling of vertigo, which is greater, the more pronounced the changes described.

Another possible mechanism for

the development of vertigo with cervical osteochondrosis is a direct impact of unilateral lesions of the cervical plexus to the vestibular nuclei with the appropriate parties.

There are other possible mechanisms of vertigo, the implementation of which depends on the structural features of the cervical spine, the blood supply to the brain (in particular, the vestibular apparatus) and other reasons.

types of dizziness

There are three types of dizziness:

  • vertigo, which manifests itself in the form of a rotation of surrounding objects or sensations of his own body, sometimes described as feeling "rotation inside the head";
  • unsystematic dizziness, which manifests itself in the form of instability and swaying, sometimes described as the feeling of falling through;
  • combined dizziness, combining the features of both types.

Depending on the mechanism causing the vertigo with cervical osteochondrosis, various variants of the clinical picture.

Reflex angiospastic form of osteochondrosis

symptoms are caused by a reflex spasm of blood vessels of the cervical spine.The nature of the system, or a combination of vertigo.

Dizziness is often accompanied by changes in facial skin color, increased sweating, nausea or vomiting, tinnitus (high pitch), it is sometimes observed lightheadedness.

bouts of vertigo occur several times a week and usually last no more than 10 minutes.

compression-irritative form of osteochondrosis

Symptoms of dizziness caused by mechanical circulatory disorders at the vertebral artery.It is characterized by non-systemic, and mixed type of vertigo is greatly enhanced when turning head.

often accompanied by dizziness, tinnitus, pain in the ear on the affected side, as well as hearing loss.

About a quarter of people suffering from this form of cervical degenerative disc disease, there is the appearance of attacks of dizziness and nausea when looking at moving objects.

clinical picture in cervical osteochondrosis is extremely diverse, and a large number of possible options for the development of disturbances in the vestibular apparatus does not allow the use of such high quality is an important symptom for the diagnosis of diseases.

diagnostic methods

To clarify the causes of vertigo, including the cervical osteochondrosis, use the following methods:

  • collecting information about subjective feelings of man;
  • definition neurologic status;
  • radiological methods of examination (with contrast neck vessels);
  • Doppler ultrasound;
  • MRIs (to determine the status of the problem areas of the brain).


to remove the symptoms of dizziness should specify their nature and begin treatment of the underlying disease.Perhaps the use of sedatives and other means, after consultation with the neurologist.

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