This is an ornithosis (psittacosis, parrot disease) - an infectious disease that affects the lungs, central nervous system, as well as the liver and spleen.
Pathogen ornithosis - kind of Chlamydia Chlamydophila Psittaci, growing inside human cells.In the external environment, it may persist for a very long time, is sensitive to heat above 70 degrees and disinfectants.
disease vectors could be as wild and domestic (hens, ducks, turkeys) and urban (blue-gray doves, crows, sparrows) and indoor ornamental birds (parakeets, canaries).
view of the patient bird sluggish, dirty feathers, wings and head lowered, eyes closed (sometimes with lacrimation and conjunctivitis).The disease can take place were obliterated, without symptoms.
Contribute ornithosis malnutrition, cooling, crowding of birds and other factors that weaken the immune system.
Ways infection psittacosis few. Psittacosis is transmitted by inhalation of infected dust and fluff, when contacted by lesions on the skin and mucous membranes, and also by eating contaminated food.
The incubation period is 6-10, sometimes 20 days.The disease manifests itself in lesions of the lungs (pneumonia development), fever, pains in the head and muscles.
With timely treatment recovery occurs.Immunity unstable, can be infected again.- Identification of Chlamydia by the presence in the blood
following tests carried out for the diagnosis of disease.
Treatment is with antibiotics tetracycline, with their intolerance - chloramphenicol, and erythromycin.Preparations of penicillin, streptomycin and sulfonamides of ornithosis not help.
To eliminate the symptoms of cough prescribed bronchodilators, oxygen inhalation, vitamins, detoxification treatment.
Above all likely to get psittacosis in humans, directly dealing with the bird - workers of poultry farms and processing enterprises of down and feather.Hunters of birds, as well as people holding parrots and canaries at home, at risk in the case of infection of birds.
First of all, you should avoid contact with the city pigeons.By purchasing a parrot or a canary in a pet store, make sure that there is a document on the state of health from a veterinarian.
should contact immediately If you suspect a disease in poultry veterinary service and to avoid contact with sick birds.
Cleaning, where they were held, must be carried out wet, using disinfectants and protective gloves, cotton-gauze bandages and points.
In addition, the veterinary services are required to carry out the control over the import of birds and how they are kept in zoos, on poultry farms and pet shops, as well as to regulate the population living close to the person of birds (pigeons, crows, sparrows).
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