Chronic heartburn : five reasons

Chronic heartburn : five reasons
Some foods provoke GERD and a number of pathologies that can cause it.One symptom of GERD is heartburn.What causes heartburn.

mechanism of occurrence of heartburn

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) occurs when gastric juice containing hydrochloric acid, begins to throw in the esophagus - the muscular tube that connects the stomach and throat.This occurs when the valve between the lower end of the esophagus and the stomach (lower esophageal sphincter) is closed tightly enough or relaxes periodically.In a healthy person the sphincter is opened only for a few seconds when ingested food.

Products - cause of heartburn

But some foods can weaken it, the valve no longer close tightly, which increases the risk of reflux.These products include chocolate, peppermint, alcohol, tobacco and certain medications.

If the gastric juice, throw into the esophagus, long out of it is not removed, it can cause irritation of the esophagus.At the same time there is a burning sensation, tingling, heat in the sternum.

This sensation is called heartburn.In a healthy state of the gastric juice fast is sent back into the stomach through the esophagus wall wavy cuts.Normally, saliva, which contains bicarbonate, protects the mucous membrane of the esophagus and neutralizes acid.

Certain foods do not cause GORD directly, may aggravate the symptoms of the disease.Among them, citrus fruits, onions, garlic, fatty, fried, spicy food and tomato (spaghetti sauce and pizza).Some patients reported worsening of symptoms after a cup of coffee or a glass of sparkling water.Rejection of these products reduce the risk of heartburn.

Other causes of heartburn

What causes heartburn than products:

  • During pregnancy, the valve can be closed tightly because of the hormonal changes of the body and abdominal pressure.Therefore, heartburn - a typical phenomenon during pregnancy.
  • weakened lower esophageal sphincter.Approximately 25% of people suffering from GERD in severe form, there is exactly the problem.
  • hiatus hernia (hiatal hernia in the diaphragm).In these patients, there is moderate to severe GERD severity.
  • slow digestion in the stomach can also cause heartburn.
  • Crowded stomach.

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