Every year in our country registered 1.5 million cases of pneumonia, with severe disease marked up to 30% of deaths - mostly among men of working age.What you need to know about pneumonia in adults to protect themselves, their loved ones and do not fill up this sad statistics?
How often we hear: "Do not catch a cold, and it will pick up pneumonia" In these words only a fraction of the truth, because it is not from the hypothermia disease occurs, and what weakenedimmune system is unable to cope with an existing infection in the body.
pneumonia in adults as in children, often has an infectious origin.You can get it in the following ways:
different in nature and scale of the lung tissue is a criterion for division into types of pneumonia:
There are acute and chronic inflammation of the lungs.Chronic develops in untreated or untreatable acute pneumonia of infectious origin.
Pneumonia in adults takes place the more difficult, the more pronounced the following risk factors:
bronchus Congenital defects can cause the development of pneumonia.When working on unfavorable environmentally enterprise harmful effects on the respiratory system of vocational and occupational factors can also lead to inflammation of the lung tissue with serious consequences.
Sadly, the older the person, the easier it is ill with pneumonia, and the harder it will take place, so age is also attributed to the risk factors.
Among obvious signs of pneumonia in adults may be noted, firstly, fever and cough.If pneumonia develops as continuation of acute respiratory disease, it is important not to miss this moment, because the symptoms are often very similar.
What should alert:
These symptoms have a "simple" person should definitely alert to the patient should seek medical advice.Competence will allow doctors to more accurately establish the diagnosis after listening pulmonary stethoscope, tapping the back.
The presence of an inflammatory process will objectively indicate the following symptoms in the lung tissue:
crucial in the diagnosis of "pneumonia" belongs to the results of X-ray light research, and to determine the causative agent of pneumonia is an important analysis of sputum.
treatment of pneumonia in adults, in order to avoid serious complications and possible tragic consequences, should be initiated in a timely manner, with the use of antibiotics, physiotherapy, drugs for thinning mucus and vitamins.Typically, therapy is carried out in a hospital with bed rest appointment.
late initiation of treatment, non-performance by a physician can lead to the fact that pneumonia in adults, especially in cases, at risk, will result in the development of pleurisy (inflammation of the pleura), edema or lung abscess, when a cavity filled with pus.
case of suspected pneumonia in adults older than 65 years, people suffering from many chronic diseases, persons with weakened immune systems, pregnant women should immediately call a doctor or ambulance if people began to choke, difficult and hoarse breathing, and hisnails and nasolabial triangle blue.Emergency treatment can save lives.
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