Pneumonia in Adults

Pneumonia in Adults
pneumonia - a serious disease is an inflammatory process in the lung tissue (hence its second name - inflammation of the lungs).Pneumonia in adults, due to the frequent comorbidities, may have very serious consequences, so it is important to recognize the disease and seek professional medical help.

Every year in our country registered 1.5 million cases of pneumonia, with severe disease marked up to 30% of deaths - mostly among men of working age.What you need to know about pneumonia in adults to protect themselves, their loved ones and do not fill up this sad statistics?

Penevmoniya in adults: Causes and types

How often we hear: "Do not catch a cold, and it will pick up pneumonia" In these words only a fraction of the truth, because it is not from the hypothermia disease occurs, and what weakenedimmune system is unable to cope with an existing infection in the body.

pneumonia in adults as in children, often has an infectious origin.You can get it in the following ways:

  • airborne droplets from an
    infected person;
  • through frequent pneumonia pathogens living in the body, - staphylococci, streptococci, pneumococci, intestinal and Haemophilus influenzae;
  • via intracellular parasites and viruses (such as mycoplasma, chlamydia, adenovirus, rhinovirus, influenza virus, and herpes) and fungi Candida;
  • as a complication of bronchitis and other respiratory diseases.

different in nature and scale of the lung tissue is a criterion for division into types of pneumonia:

  • one-sided and double-sided;
  • alopecia (inflamed only a small area in the lung);
  • drain (small foci coalesce into larger ones);
  • segmental (inflamed one or more segments of the lung);
  • croupous or lobar (inflammation of the covering of light share);
  • total (all affected lung).

There are acute and chronic inflammation of the lungs.Chronic develops in untreated or untreatable acute pneumonia of infectious origin.

pneumonia in adults: risk factors

Pneumonia in adults takes place the more difficult, the more pronounced the following risk factors:

  • chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, chronic bronchitis;
  • cancer;
  • alcoholism, drug addiction, smoking;
  • cardiovascular disease;
  • chronic liver disease, kidney;
  • diabetes and other endocrine disorders;
  • weakened immune system;
  • forced long-term bed rest, fraught with stagnation in the lungs.

bronchus Congenital defects can cause the development of pneumonia.When working on unfavorable environmentally enterprise harmful effects on the respiratory system of vocational and occupational factors can also lead to inflammation of the lung tissue with serious consequences.

Sadly, the older the person, the easier it is ill with pneumonia, and the harder it will take place, so age is also attributed to the risk factors.

pneumonia symptoms, diagnosis staging treatment

Among obvious signs of pneumonia in adults may be noted, firstly, fever and cough.If pneumonia develops as continuation of acute respiratory disease, it is important not to miss this moment, because the symptoms are often very similar.

What should alert:

  • persistent increase in temperature;
  • frequent dry cough;
  • chills;
  • pain in the chest with a deep breath and cough;
  • shortness of breath;
  • rapid pulse;
  • constant weakness, fatigue;
  • perspiration at night.

These symptoms have a "simple" person should definitely alert to the patient should seek medical advice.Competence will allow doctors to more accurately establish the diagnosis after listening pulmonary stethoscope, tapping the back.

The presence of an inflammatory process will objectively indicate the following symptoms in the lung tissue:

  • dull sound when rapping back over the affected areas;
  • hard breathing;
  • wheezing at sites of inflammation.

crucial in the diagnosis of "pneumonia" belongs to the results of X-ray light research, and to determine the causative agent of pneumonia is an important analysis of sputum.

treatment of pneumonia in adults, in order to avoid serious complications and possible tragic consequences, should be initiated in a timely manner, with the use of antibiotics, physiotherapy, drugs for thinning mucus and vitamins.Typically, therapy is carried out in a hospital with bed rest appointment.

late initiation of treatment, non-performance by a physician can lead to the fact that pneumonia in adults, especially in cases, at risk, will result in the development of pleurisy (inflammation of the pleura), edema or lung abscess, when a cavity filled with pus.

case of suspected pneumonia in adults older than 65 years, people suffering from many chronic diseases, persons with weakened immune systems, pregnant women should immediately call a doctor or ambulance if people began to choke, difficult and hoarse breathing, and hisnails and nasolabial triangle blue.Emergency treatment can save lives.

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