Alcohol and antibiotics : why not combine

Alcohol and antibiotics : why not combine
When you can combine alcohol and antibiotics, and when to abstain?We have prepared a detailed list of antibiotics to which alcohol can not mix.

antibiotics held at least once in life every average citizen of our country.Treatment with these drugs prescribed often some bacterial and fungal infections.At the same time any doctor unequivocally say: do not interrupt the course, otherwise the disease may come back!

duration of reception depends on the specific drugs and the severity of the disease, is in the range from 3 days to a month, and sometimes two!So do you need to "switch off" from a normal life?In the limit yourself, do not celebrate the holidays, do not drink alcohol?Answer: it is not necessary!

If competently approach the issue, and can be treated successfully, and to maintain social activity.

Alcohol and antibiotics: the myths and legends

Scary stories that you can not combine alcohol and antibiotics may become spread even after the Second World War: sexually transmitted infection clinics

in Europe and the USSR were filled with the taste of the "charms" of martial law soldiers and officersofficials.

Hospital staff are often admonished not to take alcohol during treatment specifically: to patients, drinking, again not had a ball, picked up a new genital infections.

Another legend says that due to the complexity of producing the penicillin he learned to evaporate from the urine of treated men.To penicillin was not so "diluted" the soldiers were forbidden to drink beer during therapy.

Since then, the danger of drinking alcohol with antibiotics is in the air, and modern people also prefer not to mix alcohol and antibiotics.However, that said evidence-based medicine?

studies the influence of alcohol during antibiotic

At the end of XX - beginning of XXI century conducted a series of studies on the effects of ethanol on different types of antibiotics.In the course of experiments on laboratory animals and in human volunteers, it has been proven that most types of antibiotics alcohol is not affected.

The tested antibiotics were effective in the experimental group, as well as in the control;There were no significant deviations in the absorption mechanisms, distribution and excretion of waste products.

There is also a hypothesis that the intake of alcoholic beverages enhances the adverse effect of antibiotics on the liver.However, in such cases the medical literature describes a little because of their rare display (up to 10 cases per 100 000).Special studies therefore not carried out.So really all fears unfounded?

What antibiotics can not be combined with alcohol

not unfounded: there are a number of antibiotics, which give an extremely unpleasant symptoms in the interaction with alcohol - the so-called disulfiram-like reaction.

It occurs when the chemical contact of ethanol with some specific molecules of antibiotics, causing changes exchange ethyl alcohol in the body.In particular, the accumulation of intermediate - acetaldehyde.Intoxication gives them the following symptoms:

  • severe headache;
  • nausea and urge to vomit;
  • quickening of the heart rate;
  • redness of the face, the neck, the chest, "glow" in them;
  • intermittent heavy breathing;
  • limb spasms.

possible death if large doses of alcohol!The above symptoms

transferred person is very difficult, often causing fear of suffocation or death.Disulfiram-like reaction is used in clinics for the treatment of alcoholism ( "coding").

There are a number of antibiotics, can cause symptoms such unpleasant reactions:

  • metronidazole (can also be produced under the trademark "Metrogil", "Metroksan", "Clione", "Rozamet" and others);
  • ketoconazole (prescribed for thrush, for example, "Livarol" candles);
  • furazolidone (appointed for food poisoning or diarrhea of ‚Äč‚Äčunspecified nature);
  • chloramphenicol (toxic, is used rarely in urinary tract infections, biliary ducts and other diseases);
  • co-trimoxazole (can be administered for respiratory tract infections, kidney and ureter, prostate);
  • tsefotetan (used to treat bacterial infections of respiratory and upper respiratory tract, kidney, urinary tract, etc.);
  • tinidazole (often prescribed for infection by the bacterium Helicobacter pylori, which causes stomach ulcers);
  • cefamandole (injections with infections of unspecified nature);
  • cefoperazone (manufactured by injection, treat respiratory tract, including pneumonia, genitourinary system diseases, bacterial and other diseases);
  • moxalactam (broad-spectrum antibiotic, indicated for severe conditions, including fever, if there is a suspicion of bacterial infection).

When treatment with these drugs (such as medication for oral administration, and candles or eye drops) is required to avoid the use of alcohol!

the treatment of other antibiotics a person can drink some fortified beverages, but doctors recommend to comply with the measure.

Why in any case should be drunk in moderation

the treatment of any disease with antibiotics do not overload your body with alcohol.Like any toxic substance, ethanol requires "neutralization" in the body.

To fight the poison of additional reserves of man are thrown, often past, if a prolonged illness.The expenditure of force on the body cleaning can damage immunity, and significantly increase the recovery period.

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