The name of the disease was named after the Ebola River, flowing in Zaire.It was there that was first isolated the causative agent of the disease from the patient's blood.It happened in 1976 during the first officially registered outbreaks.
Ebola virus belongs to the family filoviruses.In structure it is similar to Marburg virus, which also causes hemorrhagic fever, similar to the symptoms of Ebola disease.
allocated 5 strains of the Ebola virus, the most dangerous of them - Zaire.It was he who was the cause of the epidemic is not over yet, 2014.
The incubation period of the disease can vary from a few days to two to three weeks.Begins Ebola acute - body temperature rises to 38-39 °, having headaches and muscle pain, joint pain, malaise, nausea and vomiting.
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In the first few days in most cases develops sore throat, to
With the midst of the state of the infected disease worsens - vomiting becomes indomitable, there are abdominal pain and diarrhea.Cal gets black (melena), which indicates bleeding in the upper digestive tract.Disrupted function of the kidneys and liver.Very fast developing hemorrhagic syndrome with numerous internal and skin bleeding, bloody vomiting.
common signs of Ebola - the development of encephalopathy, and the patients become aggressive and easily excitable.The phenomena of brain damage and stored in the recovery period, some mental disorders remain for a long time.
fatal if the disease Ebola is 90% of those infected.Death usually occurs in the second week of illness from internal bleeding, toxic and hypovolemic shock.
In nature, the Ebola virus is common among animals - rodents, bats, monkeys, which are the natural reservoir of infection.Infected person is extremely dangerous to others.Established cases of 5-8 consecutive transmission of the virus from one patient.It is not uncommon for hospital outbreak of fever.
infected person is contagious for three weeks from the onset of clinical symptoms of the disease.The incubation period of the virus are released.
The virus is found in all body fluids of the patient - saliva, blood, urine, semen.You can become infected by airborne droplets, contact, sexually, and by sharing things or household items.
most dangerous ingress of body fluids containing the virus, the mucous membranes and skin.Airborne transmission of infection is rare.Especially dangerous in close contact with patients - the risk of infection in this case more than 80%.
susceptibility of people to the Ebola virus is very high.The disease leaves a strong immunity.Repeat the disease is almost impossible.
In Russia there are two known cases of Ebola.In both cases, there has been a random virus infection in laboratory animal studies.
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