established that the systematic monitoring of the blood sugar and keep it at a normal (or approximate to it) level, you can avoid too many complications of diabetes, including those associated with a decrease in the body's defenses.
Warning decompensation of diabetes mellitus is one of the main measures of prevention of infectious diseases.
In diabetes because of involvement in the pathological process of the nervous and cardiovascular systems slow the natural reaction of the organism to adapt to environmental changes.
Therefore, diabetics do not suffer from an increased tendency to chilliness and colds should avoid hypothermia, prolonged exposure to the outdoors in the rain, in the cold and windy weather.You should always dress for the season and take an umbrella.
Much attention should be paid autumn shoes.The tendency of diabetics to neurotrophic disturbances (long-term healing of even small cuts and wounds, the formation of trophic ulcers, etc.), the formation of diabetic foot have to be taken into account.Even a small abrasion small blisters on the feet can lead to very serious complications up to the development of gangrene.Therefore, shoes should be comfortable, not to get wet, and do not rub the foot.
should not forget about the measures of non-specific prevention, including reasonable hardening, begins with the summer diet, adequate age and state of health physical activity, avoiding harmful habits, etc.
Many patients with diabetes, doctors recommend acceptance of natural immunomodulators of plant origin (Aralia tincture, Rhaponticum), as well as prophylactic vaccines against influenza, diphtheria, hepatitis and other infectious diseases.
If a patient with diabetes is still sick with acute infectious disease, it is necessary to pay special attention to the following points.
In acute development of acute respiratory infections, sore throats, flu, bronchitis, or other infectious disease is unacceptable self, you should immediately consult a doctor.
When the blood sugar, is often observed in the development of infections and increase the body temperature, it is necessary to prevent the development of ketoacidosis and diabetic coma, and therefore should be more often (4-6 times a day) to determine blood sugar with a home glucometer.In the blood glucose level should not exceed 5.9 units.
in severe infections occurring may be necessary to increase the dose of insulin, it can recieve only after consultation with your doctor.
recommended to drink plenty of fluids, but drink should not contain sugar, it is very useful unsweetened fruit and vegetable juices as well as alkaline mineral water to maintain water and electrolyte balance during acute infection.The food should contain a sufficient amount of vitamins and minerals, but with a decrease in the normal diet of fast utilizable proportion of carbohydrates and animal fat.a gradual transition to the usual diet is recommended for improving overall health.
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