When the sore knee : severe pain

to damage the knee, a lot of effort is not necessary.Sometimes it is enough of a bad fall.This self can be not only useless, but also dangerous.Running knee injury can result in disability.

Knee pain can be sudden, severe or prolonged, chronic.Acute pain may be due to injury or infection.

Types of pain in the knee

nerves, providing sensitivity knee and hips and ankles, are coming from the lower back.The pain of a deep injury, called the reflected pain, can pass along the nerve and be felt on the surface of the body.Thus, the knee pain may also occur in the knee joint, or be a consequence of pain in the hip, ankle, or lower back.The following types of pain occur only in the knee joint.

Overall, knee pain can be sudden - acute or long - chronic.Acute pain can occur due to a sudden trauma or infection.Chronic pain often arises due to injury or inflammation, such as arthritis, but infection can also cause.

sharp pain in the knee

Fractures

Description: broken any bones in the knee joint - t

raumatic injuries incurred in medium or large efforts, such as a car accident, contact sports, falling.

Symptoms fractures can be accompanied by swelling or bruises, but almost always very painful.The pain is so strong that people can not walk or even move the entire weight on his injured leg.

Rating: fracture should contact the emergency room.Doctor with X-rays and other necessary studies will assess the injury.Procrastination fracture may cause removal of broken fragments and lead to other injuries.

Treatment: Depending on the degree of severity of the fracture doctor will prescribe the imposition of tires or plaster or surgery.

Forecast: fractures often heal without any problems.Although some fractures may be complicated by arthritis or damage to arteries or nerves.

tensile strength and tear collateral ligaments

Description: The average collateral ligament (SCS) - most often susceptible to damage in the knee joint.Like all cords, it is possible to stretch or tear.Stretched ligament is partially broken, whereas torn ligaments destroyed completely.

Symptoms: strong tear or stretch SCS often creates a feeling of a lack of the element inside the knee joint.It is also possible instability and knee swelling.If this damage is characteristic of the direction of force from the outside of the knee - the transverse ligament and inner - middle ligament, whereas the lateral ligament injury (PS) force is directed from the inside out.In general, bruises occur at the injury site.Stretching and tearing ligaments located opposite the place of injury.Injury and PS SCS prepared essentially in contact sport, although they may also be formed by dislocation of the legs, such as skiing.

Rating: after studying the medical history and examination, the doctor may prescribe MRI or arthroscopy for a detailed examination of the torn ligament.In addition, you may need X-ray examination.It does not help in the diagnosis of ligament damage, but before the arthroscopy shows the possible trauma of bones or arthritis.

Treatment: for a small stretch appointed contraction, cold, anti-inflammatory and pain medications in conjunction with exercise on a stationary bike and sports complex to strengthen the legs.These exercises should be performed under the supervision of a doctor or a specialist in physical therapy, as some exercises will need to be avoided.In the case of a strong discontinuity, in order to achieve the best results often require surgery.

Stretching and ruptures cruciate ligament

Description: injury of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is produced mainly in the sport during a sudden stop or turn the knee.The posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) more ACL, so less breaks.In order to damage the PCL requires great strength, for example, in a car accident, when the dashboard has a knee.In this regard, PCL injuries are often associated with injuries to other ligaments and bones.

Symptoms: at break PKS popping sound.The tribe will lose its stability and you will feel great pain, sometimes pain is so strong that you can even vomit.The gap is also accompanied by swelling of the knee over the next few hours as the PCB is bleeding heavily at break.

treatment: surgery is required for athletes who need high performance.Unlike athletes, other people will be enough conservative treatment and a bandage for the knee.

tendon rupture

Description: quadriceps tendon and patella may be fully or partially torn.Rupture of the quadriceps tendon is observed more frequently in athletes older than 40 years (the gap was observed in former US President Clinton, when he ran).Tendon rupture of the patella occurs in younger people, who have suffered tendonitis or received steroid injections in the knee.

Symptoms: tendon rupture of the quadriceps and patella accompanied by pain (especially when straightening or stretching the knee).At full knee tendon rupture is not rectified.The patella also often biased upwards (at fracture of the patella tendon) or down (to break the quadriceps tendon).

Treatment: tendon ruptures must examine the doctor becausethey require surgery.Partial rupture can be cured by the imposition of the tire.

meniscus injury

Description: meniscus damage is usually traumatic, but can also occur in case of overload.Sometimes part of the meniscus is torn and the knee.

Symptoms: meniscus injury can cause crushing knee to a certain position, the knee will flip and grind when walking.These symptoms are accompanied by edema, although it is not as strong as in the damaged ACL.

Treatment: meniscus injuries often require surgery using the arthroscope.

offset knee

Description: offset knee requires immediate medical attention.This is a very rare injury as a knee strike to the displacement to be an incredible force.Caviar legs completely offset with respect to its upper part, which leads to stretching and rupture of not only the ligaments, and arteries and nerves.Damage to the arteries causes poor circulation in the calf.If this situation continues for a long time, you will need to limb amputation.Nerve damage leaves spawn active, but deprives it of strength and sensitivity.

symptoms: knee displacement is very painful and is accompanied by deformation of the feet.Many offset reduced or aligned yourself.If the alignment occurs, the deaf hear a click.

Treatment: If the alignment does not happen by itself, the doctor will do it immediately.Medical treatment does not end there.Regardless of whether the mixing itself or with the help of a doctor leveled, this injury requires further observation and treatment.After aligning the knee, patients undergo a series of studies in order to ensure that no damage to nerves or arteries.If the damage is still found to need immediate surgery.

offset the kneecap (patella

)

Description: damage occurs due to an injury or excessive straightening the legs, most often it happens in the game of volleyball or tennis.The shift of the patella occurs mostly in women, obese people and people with knock-knees.

Symptoms: When this type of injury, the patella is displaced, difficult straightening or bending of the knee.

Treatment: The doctor will align the offset (reduce the offset).Even if the patella back into place itself, it is necessary to carry out X-ray to make sure there are no fractures.After these procedures, the doctor splint for 3 weeks, which will help the soft tissue around the kneecap heal.This injury is often accompanied by damage to the cartilage on the back side of the patella.

Chronic knee pain

Arthritis

: arthritis of the knee - the inflammatory process is often very painful.Causes of arthritis are varied.

Osteoarthritis Knee

Description: The cause of osteoarthritis (OA) is a weakening of the cartilage in the knee.In severe forms of the meniscus (cartilage) completely destroyed, so the thigh bone rubs on the tibia.

symptoms: chronic pain, often aggravated by movement.

Treatment: apply painkillers sold without prescription.The use of anti-inflammatory drugs are also acceptable.More severe forms of the disease are treated OA narcotic analgesic or require replacement of the knee joint prosthesis on.

Rheumatoid arthritis knee

Description: rheumatoid arthritis (RA) - a disease of the connective tissue of the whole body, which affects many joints, including the knee.The disease is often inherited.

Symptoms other than pain in RA knee joint immobility can be observed in the morning, and pain in other joints.

Treatment: it involves taking painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs and medicines, prescription for slowing the progression of the disease.

Crystal arthritis (gout and pseudogout)

Description: The reason for this is very painful forms of arthritis are crystals that are formed not only in the knee, but also in other joints.These crystals are formed during the metabolism of abuse of substances such as uric acid (developing gout) and calcium pyrophosphate (pseudogout).

Treatment: directed at reducing the inflammatory processes by the use of anti-inflammatory drugs, and improving the metabolism of chemical substances, which can lead to the formation of crystals.

Bursitis

Description: inflammation in various bursa can occur due to trauma, infection or crystals deposits.

Symptoms: damage of the bag as a result of injuries leading to pain and swelling of the knee.The most frequent form in prepatellar bursitis bags.That kind of bursitis affects people who work on their knees, so they are also often called "knees Housewives."Another type of bursitis - bursitis anzerinovoy bags, which is located about 5 cm below the knee in the center..Such bursitis caused by obesity are common in women, but are formed and athletes.The pain of bursitis anzerinovoy bags occurs at the site of the bag, the pain increases when bending the knee or in a dream.

Treatment: usually includes home therapy and the use of ALD.Severe forms, however, may be periodically treated with steroid injections into the bag.

Infections (or infectious arthritis)

Description: Many germs can infect knee.Gonorrhea - the disease, sexually transmitted, can infect the knee joint.

Symptoms: Knee infection leads to pain and swelling.In addition, patients often complain of fever.Mild infections may not be accompanied by fever or soreness.

Treatment: usually involves an intensive course of antibiotics, as well as the removal of the liquid or surgical drainage of the knee joint.

giperpressii syndrome and patellar chondromalacia patella

Description: These 2 illustrate the state of the disease, which is caused by disorders of movement of the patella.

Symptoms such a condition usually occurs in young women, athletes of both sexes, and the elderly.The syndrome giperpressii patella, the patella rubs against the inner or outer side of the femur instead of going straight down the middle.As a result of the joint patella on the inner or outer side of the inflamed and causes pain, aggravated by movement or prolonged sitting.If the condition worsens, the articular cartilage under the kneecap and is erased resulting in chondromalacia patella.

Treatment: home therapy, painkillers, exercise (lifting outstretched legs) that line the muscles around the kneecap helps most people.The rest helps fix patella, insoles (for each foot) or orthotics to correct the movement of the foot and reduce pressure on the knee.Severe forms of the syndrome giperpressii chondromalacia or require surgery.

jumper's knee

Description: tendonitis (tendon inflammation) of the quadriceps muscles at the top of the kneecap or tendonitis patella situated below patella or at the connection to the tibia bone (called the tuberosity of the tibia - the bulge on the frontside 5 cm. below the knee) are called jumper's knee.This name disease was due to the fact that it is typical for players in basketball, volleyball and other

Symptoms. Jumper's knee is accompanied by local pain, aggravated by movement.Pain is much stronger when bouncing, than at a landing, becausejump up creating more pressure on the tendon in the knee.

Treatment: home therapy in combination with anti-inflammatory drugs - the mainstay of treatment.Especially important are the rest, cold and pain medications that fight pain and inflammation.After reducing the pain should begin a course of exercises to strengthen the quadriceps and hamstrings.Fixing the extensor mechanism may take the pressure off the tendon.

Schlatter disease

Description: Schlatter disease occurs in young athletes with repeated stretching the knee, which causes inflammation and diseases of the tuberosity of the tibia (bone protrusion on top of the tibia, just after the kneecap).

Symptoms: children suffering from the disease, said the pain in the tuberosity of the tibia.When straightening leg pain increases.Tuberosity soft to the touch and eventually sticks out more becausechronic inflammation stimulates bone growth.

Treatment: Schlatter disease usually goes away in a period of about 17 years for men and 15 years for girls.Treatment includes therapy at home, and receive pain medication.In severe cases, the imposition of the bus for a few weeks to reduce the pain and stop the inflammatory process.

iliotibialnogo tract syndrome

Description: sinewy bundle called iliotibialny tract, located on the outside of the bone of the pelvis and to the outside of the tibia.If this bunch of tight, it may rub against the upper part of the outside of the thigh bone (lateral condyle of the femur).

Symptoms of this syndrome usually suffer from long-distance runner.They complain of pain at the outer side of the knee generally laterally femoral condyle.At first, the pain lasts for 10-15 minutes while running and subsides during rest.

Treatment: The most important aspect in the treatment of this syndrome is stretching iliotibialnogo tract.To do this you need to put the right foot behind the left, which will be 2-3 meters away from the wall.Then bend the left leg for 20-30 seconds., His hand resting on the wall for support.In addition, exercise can help therapy at home and painkillers.

Preventing knee pain

Knee pain can occur due to many reasons.Some types of pain is difficult to avoid, but you can perform common rules that will reduce the possibility of damage to the knee joint.

Keep your weight under control

Staying slim, you are reducing the load on the knee joint during the occupation of athletics and everyday walking, as well as, according to medical studies, reduces the risk of developing osteoarthritis.

For the same reasons, losing weight can reduce the risk of damage to the ligaments and tendons.

Retaining flexibility - keep health

Many of the problems with the knee joint are connected with tight or unbalanced muscles.Strengthening and stretching to prevent knee pain.

Stretching keeps the flexibility of the knee and prevents the knee pads giperpresii syndrome and iliotibialnogo tract syndrome.

especially strengthening exercises for the quadriceps (the rise straight leg and straightening the legs - very good exercise for great results read a book about exercise and training) also prevent injury.

Engage wisely

If you suffer from chronic pain in the knee, go swimming or water aerobics.In the water holding part of the lift of our weight, thereby reducing the pressure on the knee joint.If you can not use the swimming pool, or you do not like the classes in the water, try to limit class basketball, tennis and jogging.

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