Chronic knee pain is usually caused by arthritis - inflammation, often occurring very painful.Causes of arthritis are varied.
cause of osteoarthritis (OA) is a weakening of the cartilage in the knee.In severe forms of the cartilage is completely destroyed, so the thigh bone rubs against the tibial.
symptoms - chronic pain, often aggravated by movement.
the treatment used painkillers sold without prescription.The use of anti-inflammatory drugs are also acceptable.More severe forms of the disease are treated with narcotic analgesics, or require replacement of the knee joint in the prosthesis.
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) - a disease of the connective tissues of the body, which affects many joints, including the knee.The disease is often inherited.
Besides pain in the knee joint immobility may occur (in the morning), and pain
Treatment involves taking painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs and drug prescription.They slow down the progression of the disease and relieve pain in the knee.
reason for these very painful forms of arthritis are crystals that are formed not only in the knee, but also in other joints.These crystals are formed in violation of the metabolism of substances such as uric acid (gout develops) and calcium pyrophosphate (pseudogout).
treatment aimed at reducing the inflammatory processes by the use of anti-inflammatory drugs, as well as improvement of metabolism of chemicals, which can lead to the formation of crystals.
Bursitis Inflammation of the synovial joints in different bags.It may be due to trauma, infection or crystals deposits.
damaged bags as a result of injuries - that's why when bursitis sore and swollen knees.The most frequent form in prepatellar bursitis bags.That kind of bursitis affects people who work on their knees, so the disease is often called the "knee Housewives."
Another type of bursitis - bursitis anzerinovoy bags, which is located about 5 cm below the knee, in the center.Such bursitis caused by obesity are common in women, but there are also athletes.The pain of bursitis anzerinovoy bags occurs at the site of the bag, enhanced by bending the knee or in a dream.
Treatment usually includes home therapy.Severe forms may also be periodically treated with steroid injections in the joint capsule.
Many germs can infect knee.For example, gonorrhea - a disease transmitted through sexual contact, can infect the knee joint.
knee infection leads to pain and swelling.In addition, patients often complain of fever.Mild infections may not be accompanied by fever or soreness.
Treatment usually involves an intensive course of antibiotics, as well as the removal of the liquid or surgical drainage of the knee joint.
These two states are the result of diseases resulting from disorders of movement of the patella.
This condition usually occurs in young women, athletes of both sexes, and the elderly.The syndrome giperpressii patella kneecap rubs against the inner or outer side of the femur instead of going straight down the middle.As a result, the joint becomes inflamed and causes pain, aggravated by movement or prolonged sitting.If the condition worsens, the articular cartilage under the kneecap and is erased resulting in chondromalacia patella (abnormal changes in the articular cartilage of the patella).
Treatment: home therapy, painkillers and exercise (lifting outstretched legs) help most people.The rest will fix the patella, arch supports (orthotics part, designed to keep the inside of the foot area) or orthotics to correct the movement of the foot and reduce pressure on the knee.Severe forms of the syndrome giperpressii chondromalacia or require surgery.
tendonitis (tendon inflammation) patellar tendon.This disease is most common among players in basketball, volleyball and others.
jumper's knee is accompanied by local pain, aggravated by movement.Leap creates more pressure on the tendon in the knee, which is why your knees ache much stronger when bouncing, than when landing.
therapy at home in conjunction with anti-inflammatory drugs - the mainstay of treatment.Especially important are the rest, cold and pain medications that fight pain and inflammation.After reducing the pain should begin a course of exercises to strengthen the quadriceps and hamstrings.Fixing the extensor mechanism may take the pressure off the tendon.
Shlyattera's disease occurs in young athletes with repeated stretching the knee, which causes inflammation and diseases of the tuberosity of the tibia (bone protrusion on top of the tibia, just after the kneecap).
Children suffering from this disease, talk about the pain in the tuberosity of the tibia.When straightening leg pain increases.Tuberosity soft to the touch and eventually sticks out more as a chronic inflammation stimulates bone growth.
Osgood-Schlatter disease usually passes itself in about 17 years for boys and 15 years for girls.Treatment includes therapy at home, and receive pain medication.In severe cases, the imposition of the bus for a few weeks to reduce the pain and stop the inflammatory process.
Pain on the outer surface of the knee joint due to irritation and inflammation iliotibialnogo tract (continued tendon tensor fascia lata with the participation of the gluteal muscles).
Usually the syndrome suffer from long-distance runner.They complain of pain at the outer side of the knee (in the lateral femoral condyle).Initially, the pain lasts for 10-15 minutes while running and subsides during rest.
Treatment: rest the limb, reducing inflammation using non-steroidal protivovostpalitelnyh drugs (NSAIDs), physical therapy (cold, massage, etc.).Glucocorticoids (in the presence of severe pain and pronounced edema).When the acute inflammation subsided, you can begin physical therapy.It is important to restore the power of abductors.Rehabilitation takes about 6 weeks.Surgery is shown only when conservative therapy does not work more than six months.
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