Tropical disease : what you need to know

traveling to the tropics can bring not only experience the exotic, but exotic tropical diseases.How to take care of their health without depriving yourself of joy knowing new places?

Tropical diseases are often disguised as the more familiar a European disease.If after an exotic trip you are attacked, do you think, the common cold, it is necessary to visit an infectious disease specialist and tell him about the trip itinerary.

tropical disease can hide.If you have any strange symptoms, even after a few years, after a trip to the tropics, it may be one of the tropical diseases.It is best to be examined immediately after the trip, even if health is all right.

Tropical disease: the most common - malaria

Where do you get: Egypt, UAE, India, Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines, Nepal, Thailand, South Africa, Mexico, Kenya.

The disease is transmitted by the bite of a mosquito.

main symptoms of malaria: fever, joint pain, vomiting, diarrhea, chills, redness of the skin.

Malaria prevention: use of rep

ellents, sleep under a canopy, after sunset, wear long-sleeved clothing and trousers, taking pills from falciparum malaria, the dose which is calculated according to the actual epidimeologicheskogo country status at the time of travel.

Yellow fever

Where do you get: Sub-Saharan Africa and South America.

Transmitted by the bite of a mosquito.

main symptoms of non-specific, characteristic for the majority of tropical diseases: sudden fever, chills, severe headache, muscle aches, nausea, vomiting.Specific symptoms - yellowing of the skin.

Prevention: a vaccination (vaccination against yellow fever is transferred easily, immunity appears during the week and lasts about 30 years), use repellent, sleep under a canopy, after sunset, wear long-sleeved clothing and trousers.

Schistosomiasis

Where do you get: Egypt, China, Philippines, India, Africa, the Middle East, the Caribbean, Brazil, Venezuela, Suriname, Indonesia, Cambodia, China, the Philippines.

Dispatched while swimming in fresh water with standing water.The causative agent - the larvae of worms.

first symptoms of schistosomiasis enough harakterny.Cherez 10-15 minutes at the site of penetration of the larvae in the skin there is intense itching, hives sometimes, and during the day there is spotty rash.But only after one or two months a sudden temperature rises, there is a dry cough, abdominal pain.You may see blood in the stool.

Prevention: Avoid swimming in fresh water, even walking barefoot along the shore, take preventive antiparasitic drugs prescribed by a doctor, wash fruits and vegetables Bottled water (this rule must be observed for the prevention of tropical diseases).

Cutaneous larva migrans

Where do you get: Central and South America, South Africa, Indonesia, Borneo, Malaysia.

Pathogen: larvae Ancylostoma braziliense, living in the soil.

moment of contracting the tropical disease is almost impossible to notice.The larva penetrates the skin seamlessly and painlessly, marks on the body does not leave.After a while there is a slight tingling, itching, burning.Then these symptoms the disease does not go and does not have severe complications, but also delivers constant itching discomfort.In addition, moving the skin, leave red marks larva.

Prevention: to walk on the sand only in shoes on the beach to sit and lie only on thick rug or a sun lounger.

amoebic dysentery

Where do you get: Morocco, Bali, Mexico, India.

Pathogen: protozoan parasite Entamoeba histolytica.Transmitted through dirty water.

Symptoms: diarrhea, fever, vomiting, cramping, blood in stule.Parazit can cause ulcers in the large intestine, intestinal bleeding, peritonitis.And once in the blood vessels through the intestinal wall, the parasite travels to the liver where amebic abscess is formed.

Prevention: drink only bottled water, fruit and vegetables to wash it away.

Paragonimiasis

Where do you get: the Far East and Southeast Asia.

Pathogen: small worms that infect the respiratory system.Transmitted with clams, crayfish, crabs.

Paragonimiasis Symptoms differ from most tropical diseases, because the disease affects the respiratory system.This chest pain, fever, shortness of breath, weakness and headache bol.Na X-ray examination will be seen lung damage, so often this tropical disease mistaken for bronchitis or pneumonia.

Prevention: eliminate from the diet of raw and poorly cooked seafood.

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