Botulism : how dangerous it is

Botulism : how dangerous it is
Botulism - a dangerous disease that develops as a result of contact with the human body toxins the bacteria Clostridium botulinum.Botulism is characterized by severe lesions of the nervous system can lead to paralysis and death.

themselves agents of botulism are not dangerous - the main harm to the body causing toxins produced by the bacteria during intensive breeding in an environment with little oxygen.

falls bacterium from soil, farm animals from the gut, as well as some freshwater fish in different foods - vegetables, fruits, grains, meat, etc.Very often a breeding place for bacteria are canned foods.

Poisoning Poisoning occurs by eating food, which has accumulated the toxin produced by the bacteria.Botulinum toxin is the danger that it can not be destroyed by enzymes of the gastrointestinal tract and is rapidly absorbed into the blood, affecting the nervous system.

This can occur paralysis of the muscles of the pharynx and larynx, respiratory muscles, leading to disturbances in swallowing an

d breathing, the development of pneumonia.Upon infection, botulism can occur sepsis.

Symptoms of botulism

incubation period at botulism occurs in different ways - from a few hours to 10 days.The disease usually begins abruptly, with severe nausea and vomiting, often cramping abdominal pain.On the second day develops a feeling of fullness in the stomach, constipation, flatulence.

defeat of the nervous system is manifested by the end of the first day after the poisoning.One of the early symptoms of botulism - visual disturbances.Patients complain of mist before his eyes, the duality of subjects.They become hard to read.The defeat of the nervous system in botulism is also accompanied by general toxic syndrome, expressed in dizziness, headache, weakness, sleep disturbances.The temperature is usually not increased.

Violation salivation - another sign of botulism.Patients report a dry throat, intense thirst, changes tone of voice.The patient feels a lump in my throat, severe pain when swallowing.

main adverse symptom of the disease - is a breathing disorder.The patient feels heaviness in the chest, shortness of breath, breathing becomes more shallow, there are pains in the chest.It respiratory failure is the leading cause of death in botulism.

First Aid

botulism Botulism - a disease dangerous to life, so when the first manifestations of his patient is subject to immediate hospitalization.The main therapeutic measures - early introduction protivobotulinicheskoy serum.

Prevention of botulism is largely dependent on good hygiene rules when handling, storage and preparation of food products, including strict compliance with the rules of home canning.

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