Cervical cancer occurs when the epithelium of the endocervical cells begin to divide uncontrollably.Cervix - the lower part of the uterus that connects the uterus with the vagina.The earlier cervical cancer is diagnosed, the greater the chances of its recovery.Today, thanks to the Pap test, to detect cervical cancer is in its earliest stages.
Most cases of cervical cancer caused by human papillomavirus (HPV).Infection occurs during unprotected sexual contact with people infected by the virus.There are several HPV viruses.Not all of them lead to the development of cancer.Some only lead to the development of genital warts and genital warts.Some types of HPV do not lead to any symptoms.
You can wear a HPV virus for years and not even know about it.It resides in a latent form in the body and lead to cancer several years after infection.It is therefore necessary to conduct regular cytology tes
Change epithelium endocervical cells are rarely accompanied by complaints.But if there was a transformation in cancer, the following symptoms may occur:
1) Blood in the vagina is menstruation or unexplained changes in the menstrual cycle.
2) Bleeding in contact with the cervix during intercourse or during the installation of the diaphragm.
3) Pain during sexual intercourse.
4) streaks of blood in the vaginal mucus.
Regular examination by a gynecologist should include both Pap test.In this case the doctor scrapes a small amount of cells from the surface of the cervix and looks to see if they change.If the Pap test detects abnormal changes in cervical cells, it is possible to carry out additional tests for precancerous and cancerous changes in cells.
Also, when changes detected by the Pap test, the doctor may take a biopsy of the cervix, especially if there is a suspicion of cancer, such as bleeding during intercourse or other early symptoms of cervical cancer.
for early diagnosis of cervical cancer is almost always curable.Furthermore, in the diagnosis at an early stage and treat the woman in the future be able to have children.
treatment at a later stage is almost always involves removing the tumor and makes a woman infertile.This treatment includes:
1) Surgical treatment: hysterectomy - removal of the uterus with the removal of all the lymph nodes pelvis and sometimes removal of both ovaries with appendages.
Depending on the stage of tumor proliferation or require one type of treatment or a combination of two or all three modes of therapy.
cervical cancer is almost always in a depressed state, they experience fear, depression and anxiety.For better mental health support groups recommend a visit.It can help to overcome the difficulties of talking to people who found themselves in a similar situation.Should contact your doctor for contacts the nearest support group for cancer patients.
The best way to detect changes in cervical cells before their transformation into cancer - a pap test.Regular inspection is almost always possible to detect changes before they become critical.It is important to continue to be seen by a doctor and treat abnormal cells after receiving the abnormal changes in the Pap test.This will help prevent the development of cervical cancer.
If you are under 26 years old should be vaccinated against the HPV virus.The vaccines Gardasil and Cervarix on the market, protects against two cancer-causing - can cause cancer HPV types.Gardasil also protects against HPV types that cause genital warts develop.Recommended three-dose vaccine within 6 months.Vaccination is recommended for girls aged 11-12 years, before the start of sexual activity.On the recommendation of the manufacturer using these vaccines can vaccinate women 9 to 26 years.
virus that causes cervical cancer, sexually transmitted.The best way to protect against sexually transmitted diseases (STD) is abstinence.If you have sex, do it safely with the use of condoms.The more sexual partners a woman has, the more likely to get HPV and other STDs.
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